EU and UK strike new deal over post-Brexit trade rules in Northern Ireland

UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak (right) walks with European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen in Windsor, west of London on February 27, 2023.

London (CNN)Britain and the European Union have reached an agreement on new trade rules in Northern Ireland in an attempt to resolve a thorny issue that has fueled post-Brexit tensions in Europe and on the island of Ireland.

The deal could potentially resolve the issue of imports and border checks in Northern Ireland, one of the most challenging and controversial aspects of the United Kingdom's split from the EU. Northern Ireland is part of the UK but shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland, an EU member state.
Speaking at a press conference in Windsor, just outside London, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak said that the new deal, called the "Windsor Framework," will deliver "smooth flowing trade" within the UK, "protects Northern Ireland's place" in the UK and "safeguards" the sovereignty of Northern Ireland.
    European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen acknowledged the tense relations between the UK and EU since Brexit. She said that in order for the two parties to "make the most of our partnership" new solutions were needed. She pointed to the UK and EU's cooperation on Ukraine and said that "we needed to listen to each others concerns very carefully."
      The purpose of the deal is to fix the issues created by the Northern Ireland Protocol, an addendum to the Brexit deal agreed by Boris Johnson and the EU in 2019. The protocol was created to prevent a hard border on the island of Ireland by keeping Northern Ireland aligned with the EU, meaning goods don't need to be checked between the Republic and the province. The Windsor Framework will replace the Northern Ireland Protocol