Bernie Sanders

Senator from Vermont
Jump to  stances on the issues
Bernie Sanders dropped out of the presidential race on April 8, 2020. This page is no longer being updated.
Sanders, an independent, is back after waging an unsuccessful challenge to Hillary Clinton in 2016 with a democratic socialist platform that included free college tuition. His positions on those issues have driven the policy debate within the Democratic Party ever since. He was elected to the Senate in 2006 and was previously in the House for 16 years.
University of Chicago, B.A. (1964)
September 8, 1941
Jane Sanders; divorced from Deborah Shiling
Levi (son with Susan Mott)
Heather, Carina and David
Congressman from Vermont, 1991-2007;
Mayor of Burlington, 1981-1989
Joint Biden-Sanders task forces unveil progressive platform after months of negotiations
Updated 9:42 PM ET, Wed Jul 8, 2020
Presumptive Democratic nominee Joe Biden's campaign on Wednesday released a raft of policy recommendations crafted by allies of the former vice president and Sen. Bernie Sanders of Vermont, underscoring the party's unity less than four months from November's general election. The 110-page document is the product of weeks of negotiations between six- and eight-person "Unity Task Forces" appointed by Biden and Sanders, the former vice president's longest-lasting rival in the Democratic presidential primary. The task forces drafted a joint approach to climate change, criminal justice, the economy, education, health care and immigration. Visit CNN's Election Center for full coverage of the 2020 race The recommendations are largely based on the more moderate positions Biden advocated during the primary, rather than adopting major progressive policy proposals such as "Medicare for All" health care coverage, a Green New Deal, abolishing Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and defunding police departments. But they showcase Biden's willingness to embrace some progressive aims -- including an accelerated timeline to reach net-zero carbon emissions, a recommendation of a task force that was co-chaired by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York. "Of course, like in any collaborative effort, there are areas of negotiation and compromise," Ocasio-Cortez tweeted. "But I do believe that the Climate Task Force effort meaningfully & substantively improved Biden's positions." The document released Wednesday does not yet comprise the Democratic Party's platform. The recommendations were sent directly to Biden and to the Democratic National Committee's platform committee, which will draft the party's platform. In a statement, Biden commended the task forces "for their service and helping build a bold, transformative platform for our party and for our country. And I am deeply grateful to Sen. Sanders for working together to unite our party, and deliver real, lasting change for generations to come." "Though the end result is not what I or my supporters would have written alone, the task forces have created a good policy blueprint that will move this country in a much-needed progressive direction and substantially improve the lives of working families throughout our country," Sanders said in a statement. "I look forward to working with Vice President Biden to help him win this campaign and to move this country forward toward economic, racial, social, and environmental justice." The recommendations emphasize the three crises that ripped through the nation in the months following the early-spring conclusion of the Democratic primary: the coronavirus pandemic, soaring unemployment and protests over police brutality and racial injustice. Here's a look at what the task forces recommended on each of the six topics to which they were assigned: Climate change The climate task force, co-chaired by Ocasio-Cortez and former Secretary of State John Kerry, recommended the most ambitious, concrete plans of the task forces, specifically providing steps to arrive at net-zero emissions on a quicker timeline than Biden had previously proposed on the campaign trail. Largely, the plan fits within the framework of Biden's already-introduced climate crisis plan while providing more specifics on how to achieve a largely similar ultimate goal. The group said it would set a "bold, national goal of achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions" for all new buildings by 2030 in order to eventually move to a 100% clean building sector, whereas Biden's previous plan proposed setting a target of halving the carbon footprint of the US building stock by 2035. There is no mention of the Green New Deal, legislation laid out by Ocasio-Cortez, by name.  The task force recommended a commitment to eliminating carbon pollution from power plants by 2035 and an expansion of solar and wind energy systems. It goes further than Biden's plans in providing more specific solutions to averting a climate crisis, including installing 500 million solar panels and 60,000 wind turbines that are manufactured within the United States. It recommended rejoining the Paris climate agreement on day one of a potential Biden administration, a promise Biden has made frequently on the campaign trail, and tacks clean energy to job creation and union membership, another key component of Biden's policy plan.  Criminal justice The task force incorporated many of the proposals outlined in congressional Democrats' policing bill, including establishing national use of force standards; banning police chokeholds; establishing a national database to track law enforcement officers who have abused their power; and reviving the use of pattern-or-practice investigations. It also calls for the creation of a task force that would provide recommendations "for tackling discrimination and other problems in our justice system that result from arrest and charging decisions." "Democrats believe we need to overhaul the criminal justice system from top to bottom. Police brutality is a stain on the soul of our nation. It is unacceptable that millions of people in our country have good reason to fear they may lose their lives in a routine traffic stop, or while standing on a street corner, or while playing with a toy in a public park," the task force's members wrote. "It is unacceptable that Black parents must have 'the talk' with their children, to try to protect them from the very police officers who are supposed to be sworn to protect and serve them." There is no mention of defunding the police, an effort promoted by some liberal activists; Biden himself has called for a stronger investment in community policing and more funding for police overall. The task force says Democrats would "condition federal funds on true community-centered engagement across the country." They would also condition funds on police training to include "de-escalation, crisis intervention, implicit bias, and peer intervention."  The group stuck with Biden's approach to marijuana, saying the drug should be decriminalized but that legalization of marijuana for recreational use should be left up to the states.   The task force called for reversing Trump administration guidance that advises federal prosecutors to pursue the toughest penalties possible in criminal cases and for rescinding the administration's "zero tolerance" immigration enforcement policy. It also called for a return to Obama-era limits on transferring weapons of war to law enforcement. The economy The unity task force focused on the US economy said it supports expanding the unemployment insurance system to cover more workers, extending significant aid to state and local governments to address budget shortfalls, making significant and immediate grants and loans to small businesses to help keep their doors open and imposing rigorous oversight on big corporations seeking financial assistance during the pandemic.  The task force backed raising the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour, 12 weeks of paid family and medical leave for all workers and family units, universal child care for 3- and 4-year-olds, revising the tax code to provide larger refundable tax credits that would benefit low- and middle-income families, increasing funding for food assistance programs and increasing access to the internet, among other proposals. It called for transportation and infrastructure investment that would include launching "our country's second great railroad revolution" through high-speed rail and repairing roads, bridges and airports. The task force recommended an increase in affordable housing and "supercharge investment in the Housing Trust Fund to greatly expand the number of affordable housing units on the market, reduce home prices, and create jobs," and said Democrats will enact a new Homeowner and Renter Bill of Rights "to protect families from abusive lenders and landlords." The task force said Democrats will "take decisive action to level the playing field for people of color, working families, women, and others who have been left on the sidelines." It supports congressional efforts to ensure affordable and trustworthy banking services for low- and middle-income families, and expanding access to credit "by creating a public credit reporting agency to provide a non-discriminatory credit reporting alternative to the private agencies."  The task force supported making Social Security "more progressive" by "meaningfully increasing minimum benefit payments, increasing benefits for long-duration beneficiaries, and protecting surviving spouses from benefit cuts." Education The task force put forward pillars of an education plan that includes guaranteed universal pre-K education, a tripling of Title I funding, capping and forgiving certain student loan debt, and tuition-free college for students whose families earn less than $125,000 per year. The proposal also calls for tuition-free community college for all students, including those in the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals immigration program. The recommendations cite a $23 billion funding gap between predominantly White and non-White school districts and say Democrats should "incentivize states to adopt progressive funding formulas that direct resources to the schools that need it most." A mainstay of Democratic platforms past, the proposal also calls for a ban on federal funding of for-profit private charter schools and opposes private school vouchers. It also recommends doubling the maximum Pell Grant award for low-income students. The task force recommended up to $10,000 in immediate student debt relief to help families during the coronavirus pandemic. It also called for a pause in monthly billing on federal student loans for people earning less than $25,000 per year and a cap on payments for those earning more than that amount. And the coalition lambasted the Trump administration for what it called "dangerous and short-sighted policies to permit teachers to bring firearms into the classroom." Health care The health care recommendations track closely with Biden's call for building on the Affordable Care Act by providing a public option as opposed to the progressive embrace of Medicare for All. They call for lowering the Medicare eligibility age from 65 to 60, a commitment Biden made this spring as an overture to Sanders and his supporters. The task force focused heavily on how Democrats would strengthen health care in the wake of the pandemic, including providing access to free or low-cost coverage through a public option and automatically enrolling Americans already enrolled in social safety net programs into the public option through the duration of the health crisis. They promoted the creation of 600,000 new health care jobs with at least a $15 minimum wage while calling for expanded contact tracing and free testing and va
climate crisis
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Sanders has described climate change – now as well as during his 2016 run for president – as a global security threat. He is a leading proponent of the Green New Deal, the broad plan to address renewable-energy infrastructure and climate change proposed by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York. In August 2019, Sanders released a $16.3 trillion climate change program. His targets include meeting the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s goal of 100% renewable energy for electricity and transportation by 2030; cutting domestic emissions by 71% over that period; creating a $526 billion electric "smart grid”; investing $200 billion in the Green Climate Fund; and prioritizing what activists call a “just transition” for fossil fuel workers who would be dislocated during the transition. The Vermont independent would also cut off billions in subsidies to fossil fuel companies and impose bans on extractive practices, including fracking and mountaintop coal mining, while halting the import and export of coal, oil and natural gas. Sanders vows to recommit the US to the Paris climate accord, a landmark 2015 deal on global warming targets that Trump has pledged to abandon. More on Sanders’ climate crisis policy
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Sanders introduced his 21st-century Economic Bill of Rights in June 2019, in which he pledged “once and for all that every American, regardless of his or her income, is entitled to the right to a decent job that pays a living wage; the right to quality health care; the right to a complete education; the right to affordable housing; the right to a clean environment; and the right to a secure retirement.” In October 2019, he introduced a plan that would guarantee workers eventually take control of 20% stakes in the country’s largest companies through the issuance of new stock and would mandate that employees elect 45% of corporate boards of directors. The Sanders plan would also impose strict new guidelines on mega-mergers, while asking a revamped Federal Trade Commission to review deals pushed through during the Trump administration. Throughout his career, Sanders has been pro-union, saying in January, “If we are serious about reducing income and wealth inequality and creating good-paying jobs, we have to substantially increase the number of union jobs in this country.” In 2017, he supported a 10-year infrastructure plan costing $1 trillion. At the time, proponents estimated the plan would create 15 million jobs. He had put forth a similar proposal during his first presidential campaign. More on Sanders’ economic policy
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Sanders would eliminate tuition and fees at, as his campaign says, “four-year public colleges and universities, tribal colleges, community colleges, trade schools, and apprenticeship programs.” He unveiled legislation in June 2019 that would wipe out $1.6 trillion in undergraduate and graduate student loan debt for about 45 million people. The plan has no eligibility limitations and would be paid for with a new tax on Wall Street speculation. Sanders frequently describes education as a “human right.” That means “making public colleges, universities and historically black colleges and universities tuition-free and debt-free by tripling the work study program, expanding Pell grants and other financial incentives," he said. His “Thurgood Marshall Plan for Public Education” would seek to improve the K-12 system by taking aim at de facto segregation and public-school funding disparities while banning for-profit charter schools. More on Sanders’ education policy
gun violence
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Sanders describes “an epidemic of gun violence” in the US and has pushed for expanded background checks and the closing of assorted loopholes in firearm purchases. Sanders has consistently voted for legislation that would ban so-called assault weapons and said he would seek to do the same for high-capacity magazines. He said he would push for harsher punishments for “straw” purchases, when someone purchases a gun for someone who cannot legally possess a firearm. More on Sanders’ gun violence policy
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Sanders introduced “Medicare for All” legislation in 2017, which would have created a national government-run program providing comprehensive coverage with no premiums, deductibles or copays. He has taken this version of the plan one step further since its initial rollout to include long-term care at home and in the community for senior citizens and people with disabilities. Unlike some of his presidential opponents, Sanders says there should be no private insurance option except for items not covered by his Medicare for All act, such as elective procedures. Sanders argues that the increase in taxes would be more than offset by eliminating the premiums, deductibles and copayments associated with private health insurance. When asked during the first Democratic presidential debate about whether taxes would go up as a result of his health care plan, Sanders said: “Yes, they will pay more in taxes, but less in health care for what they get.” Sanders also supports importing drugs, allowing Medicare to negotiate drug prices and pegging the price of medicine in the US to the median price in five other developed nations. More on Sanders’ health care policy
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Sanders has called for comprehensive immigration legislation, which includes providing a path toward citizenship for undocumented immigrants. He has proposed providing legal status for those covered by the Obama administration’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, which shields from deportation some undocumented immigrants who were brought to the US as children. Sanders has also called for restructuring Immigration and Customs Enforcement. More on Sanders’ immigration policy
The latest on the coronavirus pandemic
Updated 10:33 AM ET, Tue Jul 14, 2020
The US-Canada border is expected to remain closed until at least Aug. 21, two Canadian government sources with knowledge of the situation tell CNN. There will be stepped-up enforcement and surveillance at most Canadian land borders in the coming weeks, the sources add. By mutual agreement, the US-Canada border has been closed to all non-essential traffic since March. The sources spoke on the condition of anonymity, as they are not authorized to speak publicly on the matter. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is expected to formally announce the decision later this week. CNN has reached out to US officials for comment. President Trump and Prime Justin Minister Trudeau discussed the matter briefly during a phone call Monday morning, according to Trudeau’s office.  Also on Monday, Trudeau said Canada recognizes that the US coronavirus pandemic is a "complex" situation. "Every month we have been able to extend the border closures to all but essential goods and services and those discussions are ongoing with the United States right now as we are a week from the next deadline for closures. We’re going to continue to work hard to keep Canadians safe and to keep our economies flowing and we will have more to say later this week I’m sure,” Trudeau said during a press conference Monday.  About the current closure: Truck drivers, healthcare workers, flight crews and others including most recently sports professionals, are currently exempt from Canada’s mandatory 14-day quarantine.  According to one poll, a large majority of Canadians say the US-Canada border should remain closed for the foreseeable future.    At least 1,705 Mexicans have died of Covid-19 in the United States, Mexico’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement released late Monday night.  Of the US states, New York is the deadliest one for Mexicans. At least 758 people have died from the virus in the state, according to Mexico’s statement. The tally is based on information from the consulates and is subject to change, the statement adds.   At least 245 urns with the remains of Mexican citizens who have died from the virus were repatriated to Mexico on Saturday, flown in from New York to Mexico City on a Mexican Air Force plane.  ##Hotspots## Vice President Mike Pence has departed Washington for Baton Rouge, Louisiana, a coronavirus hotspot, where he is expected to meet with Gov. John Bel Edwards, Sens. Bill Cassidy and John Kennedy and local and state officials. Pence will deliver remarks at the State Emergency Operations Center at 1:00 pm ET, receive a coronavirus briefing at 1:30 pm ET, participate in a roundtable on higher education reopening at 2:45 pm ET, and hold a press briefing at 4:00 pm ET, returning to Washington in the evening.  ##Hotspots## Heather Valentine, a 24-year-old ICU nurse who cared for coronavirus patients, ended up getting hospitalized for Covid-19 herself.  She had a fever, cough and experienced some pain in her lungs. She received both an antibody and coronavirus test, and both initially were negative, but Houston’s United Memorial Medical Center Chief Medical Officer Dr. Joseph Varon decided to do a CT scan of her lungs.  “He told me, worst-case scenario, it's possible I could have required intubation if I would have waited a couple days more,” said in an interview from her hospital bed on CNN’s “New Day.”   She said she was shocked, and urged others to take the virus seriously.   “You just have to take all of the precautions, everybody, no matter how young or old you are. It's so important,” Valentine said.  “Don't wait until you can't breathe to go get help,” she added.  Her message to others: “No matter how healthy you are, no matter how young you are, you have to be careful. I mean, these are crazy times, and you never think it's going to happen to you, but I'm a perfect example. Just take every precaution. Wear a mask. Don't go out if you don't have to. It's not worth it.”   Watch: A "misstep" in communicating to the public the benefits of wearing a mask early in the Covid-19 pandemic has hurt its "credibility" as public health tool, said Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  Fauci on Tuesday said that in the beginning of the pandemic, health officials in the country were trying to make sure health care workers had enough personal protective equipment, including masks, as hospitals filled with Covid-19 patients. "What got, I think, a little bit misrepresented in that message was not that it was just we wanted to preserve them, but they don't really work that well anyway," Fauci said in an interview with CNN Contributor Dr. Abdul El-Sayed, host of the Crooked Media podcast "America Dissected." "That was the mistake, because in fact there's no doubt that wearing a mask is better than not having a mask for the general public," he added.  As new data started to come out showing the effectiveness of wearing masks to reduce the spread of the virus and on the significant percentage of people infected with the virus who are asymptomatic, it became even more clear that everybody should wear a mask, Fauci said.  "It's almost as if we should say everybody should assume that you're an asymptomatic infected person. And that's the reason why you should wear a mask. But unfortunately that misstep in the beginning, when the connection between saving a short supply was equated with 'they don't have much benefit anyway, so why wear it?' ... I mean, that was the misstep. And you're right, it made it now a real challenge in communication," Fauci said. A 16-day lockdown will begin in the Eastern Indian state of Bihar starting on July 16, the Bihar government announced in an order on Tuesday.  The lockdown was issued in view of the "alarming surge in Covid-19 positive cases in State of Bihar in last three weeks wherein positivity rate has also been considerably high," the order read.  During the statewide lockdown, all government offices, commercial and private establishments, transport services, educational institutions, places of worship and parks will remain shut with the exception of certain essential services.  All hospital and medical facilities will remain open, agricultural activities, construction activities, industrial establishments will continue, with the implementation of necessary precautions and social distancing norms, according to the order.  Bihar has 17,959 cases of coronavirus including 160 deaths as of Tuesday, according to the Indian Ministry of Health. Meanwhile, the northern state of Punjab issued a complete ban on public gatherings, a statement issued by the government of Punjab on Monday said.  The eastern states of Jharkhand and West Bengal and the western state of Maharashtra had also issued lockdowns which are due to end on July 31 and Uttar Pradesh announced a weekend lockdown till the end of July.  The lockdown in Bengaluru, the capital of South Indian state of Karnataka, is also set to start Tuesday at 8pm local after a sudden surge of coronavirus cases in that region. India currently has more than 900,000 total cases of coronavirus including 23,727 deaths and 571,460 recoveries according to the Indian Ministry of Health. The country has the third highest number of total cases in the world, behind US and Brazil, according to Johns Hopkins University data. ##Hotspots## Philadelphia has cancelled all large public events through February 28, 2021, Lauren Cox, deputy communications director in Mayor Jim Kenney’s office, told CNN Tuesday morning. “This is in regards to events that the City permits on public property (like parades and festivals), it does not apply to events on private property—including sports stadiums and concert venues,” she said. “Decisions on how to resume those types of events will be based on current public health guidance as the situation in Philadelphia progresses," she added.   Additional details will be shared during the mayor's press conference later today at 1 p.m. ET. US stocks opened lower Tuesday after big banks warned of significant challenges to the economic recovery. Here's how things looked as the market opened: The Dow dipped 25 points, or 0.1% The S&P 500 declined 0.6% The Nasdaq slumped 0.8% More context: The shaky start comes after Wall Street suffered a sharp reversal Monday. A 563-point rally for the Dow fizzled following California’s decision to close bars, restaurants and other indoor spaces because of the pandemic.  JPMorgan Chase kicked off bank earnings season Tuesday by saying its profits plunged 51% as provisions for credit losses spiked. CEO Jamie Dimon warned, “We still face much uncertainty regarding the future path of the economy.”  Wells Fargo’s stock tumbled 6% after the troubled bank suffered its first quarterly loss since 2008 and warned it will likely slash its dividend by 80%. That would make Wells Fargo the first big bank to lower its dividend during the recession. Four former directors of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have written that they have never seen science be so influenced by politics, in an op-ed published Wednesday in The Washington Post. “We cannot recall over our collective tenure a single time when political pressure led to a change in the interpretation of science,” wrote Drs. Tom Frieden, Jeffrey Koplan, David Satcher and Richard Besser, who collectively ran the CDC for more than 15 years. One of the roles of the CDC is to provide sound public health guidance, which is essential during a pandemic.  Speaking about the school reopening guidelines from the CDC, the former directors said that while it is not unusual for guidelines to be altered or changed after going through a clearance process, it is “extraordinary for guidelines to be undermined after their release.” Guidelines should only be changed for new information and science, not because of politics, they said. Writing about reopening schools and businesses amid a worsening pandemic, they said that public health experts face two opponents, “Covid-19, but also political leaders and others attempting to undermine the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.” Remember: The President, against the advice of some of the nation's top health officials, has repeatedly called for schools to reopen as coronavirus cases surge across the country. On Wednesday, while Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's leading infectious disease expert, warned that the country has to maintain control over the pandemic to get children back to school in the fall, Trump slammed the CDC's existing guidelines. He tweeted they were "very tough" and "expensive," while in another tweet threatened to cut off school funding if they resisted opening, though the federal government's ability to do so is limited.  ##Schools## Doctor Anthony Fauci is staying on with the White House coronavirus task force despite the recent White House attempts to discredit him, a source familiar with the situation told CNN. Some background: The White House has made a concerted effort to discredit Fauci as he becomes increasingly vocal about his concerns over reopening the country. The tension between Fauci and Trump — who are no longer speaking, CNN reported last week — has grown publicly as they have responded to one another through interviews and statements. But remember: Trump does not plan to dismiss Fauci, and probably couldn't directly fire him if he wanted to, White House officials have determined. He insisted on Monday that his relationship with the doctor remains strong. ##Politics## Point of care tests should help reduce the burden on testing labs later in the year, said Admiral Brett Giroir, assistant secretary for health at the US Department of Health and Human Services, on Tuesday. “By October, certainly by September, we expect to have 15 to 20 million point of care tests. That’s as many tests as we’re doing every month now,” Giroir said on Tuesday. Speaking on NPR’s “Morning Edition” about the burden of testing on labs as schools work on reopening and workplaces request more testing as they reopen, Giroir said these point of care tests are “going to dramatically reduce the burden.” He also said that at present, almost half of the tests that are done are point of care tests.   It's Tuesday morning in the US, where more than 3.3 million cases of coronavirus have been reported since the pandemic began. If you're just reading in, here's what you need to know about the pandemic to start your morning: The new epicenter: Miami is "now the epicenter of the pandemic," an infectious disease expert with the area's Jackson Health System said. Cases are rising across the state of Florida, where least 48 hospitals have zero ICU beds available. The state has more cases than all but eight entire countries. Reopening rollbacks: As coronavirus cases rise, California and New Mexico reimposed restrictions on dining. In Oregon, the governor expanded rules on face coverings to include outdoor gatherings where social distance cannot be maintained. Where schools stand: Some of America's largest school districts say they won't resume in-person classes at the start of autumn, despite Trump's calls to reopen. Meanwhile, a new plan under development by the White House and Senate Republicans is expected to include financial incentives to push schools to reopen. Prepare for a possible winter peak: The UK's Academy of Medical Sciences is warning countries to prepare for a winter Covid-19 peak. It points out that people spend more time indoors in the winter, in poorly ventilated areas. Plus, health care systems are typically more taxed in winter months due to seasonal ailments. ##Hotspots## ##Schools## ##Reopening##  ##Rollbacks## Admiral Brett Giroir, assistant secretary for health at the US Department of Health and Human Services and member of the White House coronavirus task force, on Tuesday conceded there are delays in Covid-19 tests results coming from big commercial laboratories, saying the demand is still very high. "We absolutely want to reduce those times. We would like to get that to within 48 hours. And we are really exerting a lot of effort to do that," Giroir said during an interview on NBC’s "Today.” Giroir explained the government is working with these laboratories to "actively start" pooling samples, and it will also lean into places that need a lot of testing, such as nursing homes, to do more point-of-care testing. "That will alleviate millions of tests from those commercial labs," Giroir said. Iraq on Tuesday recorded at least 2,022 new coronavirus cases, according to the country's health ministry. This brings the total number of Covid-19 cases in Iraq to more than 81,700 according to the health ministry. The health ministry also reported at least 95 new Covid-19-related deaths, bringing the total to at least 3,345 deaths across the country. The ministry also said in a statement that 3,784 cases have recovered Tuesday from Covid-19, and total of 50,782 cases have recovered across the country since the pandemic began.  ##Cases## A new plan under development by the White House and Senate Republicans to deal with the fallout from the coronavirus pandemic is expected to include financial incentives to push schools to reopen while also shielding health care workers and companies against lawsuits, Republicans said Monday, a move that will spur a fight with Democrats. This liability protection is essential, according to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, but House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said it would remove responsibility from employers and institutions.  Senate GOP leaders and senior administration officials have been privately trading proposals and exchanging plans before formally introducing a Republican proposal as soon as next week, with just three weeks before Congress adjourns for its summer recess. The measure, expected to cost around $1.3 trillion, would amount to the GOP's latest response to the crisis  — after roundly dismissing House Democrats' $3 trillion-plus plan that passed their chamber two months ago. But to get to Trump's desk, it would require the two parties in both chambers to resolve major differences — over the size and scope of the plan as well as the details in it — in the heat of an election year, meaning many are skeptical a deal can be reached with the number of days dwindling before the August recess. "We're obviously out of session this week, but when my members come back next week we'll start socializing it with them, begin to discuss it with the Democrats and start the legislative process," McConnell said in Corbin, Kentucky, on Monday. "I think you can anticipate this coming to a head sometime within the next three weeks, beginning next week." The GOP measure expected to provide aid to businesses, hospitals and schools in an effort to jumpstart the economy with millions still out of work. But even before it's introduced, it is already prompted an outcry from Democrats, who contend the measure is far smaller in scope than what's needed and is expected to include measures their party won't accept. Remember: Some of America's largest school districts say they won't resume in-person classes at the start of autumn, despite Trump's calls to reopen. ##Schools## French President Emmanuel Macron said he is “in favor” of making wearing face masks mandatory in enclosed public spaces to limit the spread of coronavirus, adding during a televised interview that the measure could be enforced as early as August 1. "I would like to make masks mandatory in all enclosed public spaces," Macron said Tuesday following France’s Bastille Day ceremony. "There are risks that [the outbreak] could be starting again and we need to be prepared,” he added, recommending that “all citizens wear masks as much as possible, outside as well as inside.” The president’s remarks come just a day after the UK government announced that wearing face masks in shops and supermarkets in England would become compulsory starting July 24. Admiral Brett Giroir, assistant secretary for health at the US Department of Health and Human Services, said Tuesday that US health officials are "very concerned" about the Covid-19 outbreak, but some early indicators point to "some early light at the end of this tunnel."  During an interview on "Today" on NBC, Giroir, who is a member of the White House coronavirus task force, said that the government's response to the current outbreak is better than when the pandemic first started. "We are in a much different place now than we were several months ago – [a] much better place," he said. "But we're still very concerned. Because as hospitalizations go up, we would expect deaths to also go up. Even though we're turning the corner on the current outbreak, and it looks – all indications are that we have that, we won't see the benefit in hospitalizations and deaths for at least another couple weeks," Giroir added. Giroir reiterated some early indicators – including positivity rates leveling off and visits to the ER going down in some of the hotspots – show that the country may be turning a corner on the current outbreak, with the help of social distancing measures and wearing masks. "None of us feel comfortable, nobody is doing a victory lap. We are all very concerned, all hands on deck in the field," Giroir said. "This doesn't mean we've turned the corner, and I want everybody to really understand. You've got to physically distance, wear your mask, avoid bars, close bars in those hot areas, reduce restaurant capacity. If we keep doing those things, these early indicators will turn into successes for us. We are not there yet but we are seeing some early light at the end of this tunnel." Latin America and the Caribbean have now recorded more coronavirus deaths than the US and Canada, a CNN analysis of Johns Hopkins University data shows. As of Tuesday, Latin America and the Caribbean have reported at least 146,515 deaths due to Covid-19. The United States and Canada combined have recorded at least 144,451 coronavirus deaths.  CNN’s analysis is based on Johns Hopkins figures as of 4 a.m. ET today. The data for “Latin America and the Caribbean” includes the following countries: Brazil, Peru, Chile, Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, Ecuador, Bolivia, Panama, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Haiti, Paraguay, Nicaragua, Cuba, Uruguay and Jamaica. Remember: The region includes other countries and territories, but they have had few or no coronavirus deaths. Clarification: The headline has been updated to replace “North America” with “US and Canada.”  ##Hotspots## ##Cases## WATCH: Coronavirus cases soared by more than a million globally in just five days as the numbers continue to accelerate from week to week, according to figures from Johns Hopkins University. Reported cases increased by 1,046,200 from July 6 through July 10, up from a 994,400 increase over the five days from July 5 through July 9. The total global case number surpassed 13 million on Monday, growing by 1,061,600 between July 8 and July 13. While some countries that were hit early in the outbreak have managed to contain the virus, the number of cases globally has been accelerating fairly steadily. There have now been more than half a million deaths from the virus worldwide, according to JHU data. The World Health Organization's director-general on Monday warned there would be "no return to the old normal for the foreseeable future." Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus told a media briefing in Geneva that there were no shortcuts out of this pandemic, and that while we may hope for an effective vaccine, there must be a focus on using the tools that are available now to suppress transmission and save lives. "We need to reach a sustainable situation where we do have adequate control of this virus without shutting down our lives entirely, or lurching from lockdown to lockdown," Tedros said. ##Cases## Wearing face masks in shops and supermarkets in England will be compulsory from July 24, with those failing to comply with the new regulation facing fines of up to £100 ($125), the UK government was set to announce Tuesday. "There is growing evidence that wearing a face covering in an enclosed space helps protect individuals and those around them from coronavirus," a Downing Street spokesperson said. "The Prime Minister has been clear that people should be wearing face coverings in shops and we will make this mandatory from July 24." The new measures come as a report from the Academy of Medical Sciences warned that the UK must now prepare for a potential new wave of coronavirus infections in the winter more serious than the first, with a "reasonable worst-case scenario" of 119,900 Covid-related hospital deaths between September 2020 and June 2021. The UK is one of the worst-hit countries by coronavirus, with almost 45,000 fatalities, putting it third behind Brazil and the United States. The report's authors warn that Covid-19 is "more likely to spread in winter with people spending more time indoors and the virus able to survive longer in colder, darker winter conditions." In the document, experts warn that "intense preparation" is urgently needed in the remaining summer months to reduce the risk of the health service being overwhelmed and to save lives this coming winter. Scientists said that a combination of the possibility of a flu epidemic, a backlog of patients needing treatment and the disruption already created in the health system by Covid-19 posed a "serious risk to health in the UK." Read more here: ##Cases## ##Reopening## The shack sits just down a narrow dirt alleyway, visible from a main road in Khayelitsha, near Cape Town. This is where the suspected killer is alleged to have hidden the body of his girlfriend, packed in between a corrugated iron siding and a concrete wall, just feet away from where he lived. Prosecutors say he put 36-year-old Sibongiseni Gabada's corpse in a bag and covered it with garbage. Gabada was missing for two weeks before her body was found. Every day people would walk past, until finally the smell of decomposing remains became stronger than the stench of the trash piled on top. "When the people asked what is going on there. He said, 'No, it is rubbish, I am going to throw it away.' That is the kind of person he was -- an animal," says Gabada's grandmother, Mavis Gabada. She gingerly moves forward to stare at the spot, sobbing. "Why was my granddaughter killed like a dog?" she asks. What's happening: Since South Africa's strict lockdown was lifted, Gabada's case is just one of scores of high-profile cases of gender-based violence against South African women and children to have come to light. Read the rest of the report here: An additional case of Covid-19 was reported Tuesday at the US Kadena Air Base on the Japanese island of Okinawa, a statement from the base said. The additional case means a total of 99 US military personnel and their families have now been diagnosed with Covid-19 across six US military facilities in Japan since July 7. US military personnel on Okinawa are on virtual lockdown after cases emerged from several bases on the island. The lockdown order, which was issued Saturday morning, bans almost all off-base movement by the tens of thousands of US military personnel unless approved by an officer with the rank of lieutenant colonel or above. Read more: ##Cases## John spent his 16th birthday the same way he's spent every day during the UK's Covid-19 lockdown — alone in a cell for 23 hours, with no visits, no internet and few phone calls. He is one of hundreds of children locked up in UK prisons, the forgotten casualties of the pandemic. "It gives you a lot of time to think and my thoughts aren't always positive," John tells his lawyer, Jude Lanchin, on the rare occasion that she gets access to the prison video link service. "I struggle to sleep," he adds. In the UK, teens and children aged 18 and younger are held in what the government refers to as secure children's homes, secure training centers and young offender institutions. The lawyers CNN spoke to universally refer to such institutions as prisons. A CNN crew was allowed to observe Lanchin's call with her client and has changed his name due to UK reporting restrictions for ongoing criminal cases involving children. I get thirty minutes out a day and then apart from that I'm just in my cell, just thinking," John says. "There's a lot of time to think, and it messes with your head a little bit." The restrictions have been imposed by the UK government as part of the Covid-19 lockdown. Visits have been temporarily suspended and time outside of prison cells has been severely reduced, as part of broader measures to enforce social distancing in prisons due to the Covid-19 pandemic. According to multiple lawyers and experts CNN has spoken to, these restrictions have left children like John in solitary confinement. The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, known as the Mandela rules, define solitary confinement as 22 hours a day or more without meaningful human contact. Read the rest of the report here: Hong Kong on Tuesday reported 48 additional coronavirus cases, comprised of 40 locally transmitted cases and 8 imported cases. The news comes after the government announced new social distancing measures to contain the latest outbreak, which will come into force at midnight on Wednesday. Officials say 24 of the new locally transmitted cases could not be traced, and worries are high about about the number of asymptomatic cases. Dr. Chuang Shuk-kwan, of Hong Kong’s Centre for Health Protection, said several of the new cases were linked back to clusters at elderly care home facilities and restaurants.  “The number of cases is quite high, [it] is around 50 [per day] in recent few days. More worrying is the proportion of unknown cases among those reported cases,” said Chuang. She warned that “there are lots of unknown sources in the community that can spread easily, and they may be asymptomatic.” “We are facing challenges of increasing infection control measures within the hospital authority,” said Chuang, who added that a patient in a general ward of Queen Elizabeth hospital was among the newly confirmed cases today, whilst another was a cleaner at another hospital. The new cases brings the city's total up to 1,569. ##Cases## As the number of Covid-19 cases continues to surge in the Miami area, staffing has become a challenge for Jackson Health in Miami.   Nearly 200 Jackson Health employees are currently out with Covid-19, according to senior director of communication Jennifer Piedra. Most employees who test positive are out for 10 to 12 days. Since July 1, 887 Jackson Health employees have been symptomatic or exposed to Covid-19, the hospital spokeswoman said. The positivity rate of employees who have been tested is 23%. The state of Florida has dispatched 100 temporary nurses to Jackson Health. More than half of these nurses are already on site, and the rest are expected to be on board this week, according to Piedra. Jackson Health has also recently hired 100 nurses. On Monday, the health system's infectious disease expert said "Miami is now the epicenter of the pandemic," as she compared the south Florida metropolitan area to where the pandemic originated. "What we were seeing in Wuhan -- six months ago, five months ago -- now we are there," Lilian Abbo, with the Jackson Health System, said during a news conference Monday. Read more here: ##Cases## ##Hotspots## Miami-Dade County has continued to see staggeringly high Covid-19 positivity rates and an increase in the number of hospitalizations and ventilator use, according to the latest data released by the county's government. In the past 13 days, Miami-Dade County has seen a 68% increase in the number of Covid-19 patients being hospitalized, a 69% increase in the number of ICU beds being used, and a 109% increase in the use of ventilators. Officials also reported a 28% Covid-19 positivity rate on Monday. The county has exceeded the 22% mark for the past two weeks, and the current 14-day average is 26%, the data shows. The positivity rate -- how many of those tested are actually infected -- is tracked daily by the county. Mayor Carlos Gimenez's office has said the goal is to not exceed a positivity rate of 10%.   Here is a breakdown of the hospitalization data released by the county government: Covid-19 patients: 6/30: 1,202 7/13: 2,023 Patients in ICU beds: 6/30: 245 7/13: 413  Patients on ventilators: 6/30: 103 7/13: 215 ##Cases## ##Hotspots## One of the 16 cities that make up Metro Manila will go into lockdown for two weeks from Thursday after it saw coronavirus cases “suddenly inflate,” the Mayor of Navotas said Monday on his official Facebook page. The lockdown will begin at 5 a.m. (5 p.m. ET) on July 16 and end on July 29 at 11:50 p.m., Toby Tiangco said on Facebook. "Residents will have a scheduled day to go out of the house and shop for groceries, medicine and other needs. Only those holding a home quarantine pass will be allowed to leave their homes. Essential workers are allowed to go to work, but no mass gatherings will be permitted," he added. Navotas had a total of 981 confirmed cases on Monday, Tiangco wrote. The city has a population of 249,463, according to the city government’s website. “Due to the continuous increase of our patients, our community isolation facilities have been filled ... even some hospitals in Metro Manila have reached full capacity,” Tiangco said. “We are hoping that through lockdown, we can slow the increase of cases in our city.” ##Rollbacks## A 30-year-old man in San Antonio, Texas, died in a city hospital after attending a "Covid party," where people intentionally get infected. San Antonio Mayor Ron Nirenberg discussed the case with CNN on Monday, saying these parties were happening in other states, too. "It comes from the fact that people have been hearing that from politicians that this might be a hoax," he said. "And so we saw in this particular case ... a young person attended a Covid party with a known positive case because they thought they were invincible, that this wouldn’t affect them." "This was a Memorial Day party at the lake. Five days later, this young man got sick and again the last thing he said to that hospital tech nurse is that he was wrong. And unfortunately, too many young people are wrong." Dr. Jane Appleby, chief medical officer at San Antonio's Methodist Hospital, confirmed over the weekend that a patient died after getting sick at a Covid party. Appleby said the patient told the nurse, “I think I made a mistake. I thought this was a hoax, but it’s not.” Covid parties: Reports first emerged in early July that some young people in Alabama are throwing Covid-19 parties, a disturbing competition where people who have coronavirus attend and the first person to get infected receives a payout. ##Cases## Singapore has fallen into a deep economic slump — and it's even worse than many had predicted. The government said Tuesday that GDP likely shrank 12.6% in the second quarter compared to the same time the previous year, marking "the steepest drop on record," according to economists. GDP shrank by 41.2% in the second quarter compared to the previous three months, more than most analysts had expected. That officially pushed the country into a recession. Singapore's GDP had already fallen by 0.3% in the first quarter on a year-on-year basis. A recession is defined as two consecutive quarters of negative growth. The latest decline was due to strict government restrictions, known locally as "circuit breaker" measures, which were enforced from April to June as the country dealt with a sudden spike in coronavirus cases. This included the shutdown of many businesses, including "the suspension of nonessential services and closure of most workplace premises," the Ministry of Trade and Industry noted in a statement. Officials had already been bracing for bad news. Prior to the new numbers, the government had slashed the country's economic forecast three times this year alone. But "it's not all gloom and doom," Yun Liu, an economist at HSBC, wrote in a report to clients. Recession is here, but it's a short one," she added. Some analysts believe the worst is over for Singapore, particularly since the government has deployed billions of dollars in stimulus measures to shore up the flagging economy. "Looking ahead, Q2 will mark the trough," Alex Holmes, Asia economist at Capital Economics, wrote in a research note Tuesday. "The key reason for optimism is the huge size of the government’s stimulus package, which is equivalent to around 20% of GDP." While US President Donald Trump obsesses about his reelection hopes in his White House bubble, state and local leaders are frantically reversing state reopenings that he demanded, which turned America into the world's biggest coronavirus hotspot. As emergency rooms filled and the virus quickened its relentless march across southern and Western states, Trump stuck to the fiction that the worst is already over: "We had to close it down; now we're opening it up," the President said of the economy at the White House, patting himself on the back for saving "millions of lives." As new cases of the disease reach 60,000 a day nationwide, many leaders in both parties, including those who supported Trump's aggressive approach, now have little choice but to prioritize science over politics, leaving the President looking out of touch with reality. In Texas, Houston's mayor proposed a two-week shutdown, days after Gov. Greg Abbott raised the possibility of more stringent measures. In California, Gov. Gavin Newsom ordered the closure of all indoor restaurants, wineries, movie theaters, zoos, museums and shut all bars. Oregon banned gatherings of more than 10 people inside because of an "alarming rise" of Covid-19 cases in the state. Florida now has more Covid-19 cases than all but eight entire countries. The picture is of a nation that is beginning to shut down again in defiance of the President's triumphant but misleading claims that a "transition to greatness" is under way. Restrictions imposed on cities as large as Houston and Los Angeles could set back the surprising revival in the economy last month. Modest job gains, trumpeted by the President, could turn into permanent job losses. Read the full analysis here: ##Politics## ##Hotspots## ##Rollbacks## People who have been infected with coronavirus could see their immunity decline within months, studies have found -- which is just “what we were afraid of,” Dr. William Haseltine told CNN today. Haseltine, a former professor at Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Public Health, said the studies demonstrated long-suspected fears. "This (virus), like its sister coronaviruses, the ones that give us colds, are very different from the childhood viruses," he said. When you get childhood viruses like measles and mumps, you're then protected from re-infection for life. But Haseltine said it’s a different story with the cold viruses, because you get them and then your body “forgets” it was ever infected.  “They come back and get you again every year. You can be reinfected by the same cold virus every year and get the same cold," he said. He pointed to various studies in China, Spain and the UK that "actually measured the virus in people and ... the antibodies and watched the immunity decline." "That's what we were afraid of,” he said. If the findings are confirmed to be true, they could have significant implications for sick patients, for vaccine development, and for the idea that populations could achieve herd immunity. Read more here: Hong Kong is tightening travel restrictions and social distancing measures as it battles a "third wave" of cases. The city reported 52 new cases on Monday, 41 of which were local transmissions and the other 11 with travel history. This raises the total number of confirmed cases to 1,521. The past seven days alone have seen 236 new cases -- an alarming surge in Hong Kong, which has been lauded for its quick and effective response to the pandemic. For many weeks before this surge, cases were down to single digits, and sometimes zero, every day. Under the new restrictions announced Monday: Incoming travelers who have been in or transited through high-risk areas in the last 14 days must show proof that they tested negative before boarding. If they fail to do so, airlines will be penalized. Public gatherings will be capped at four people again. The limit had previously been 50. Restaurants cannot seat more than four customers together at a table, and must stop dine-in services from 6 p.m. to 5 a.m. every day. Gaming centers, bathhouses, gyms, and other public recreational facilities will be closed for a week. Exhibitions and public events will either be canceled or postponed. Masks are now mandatory on all public transport. ##Cases## ##Rollbacks## At least ten incarcerated people at the San Quentin Prison in Northern California have died from coronavirus complications, according to data from California's Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR). San Quentin is the site of the worst coronavirus outbreak in California's prison system, with nearly 1,400 inmates who have tested positive.  The prison population is currently at about 4,000 inmates. It has been reduced by almost 10,000 inmates since March, through expedited transitions to parole and suspended intake from county jails, said CDCR. There are 2,423 infected incarcerated people in California. There are also 755 CDCR employees who have tested positive across the state. "CDCR takes the health and safety of all those who live and work in our state prisons very seriously and will continue to work diligently to address the COVID-19 pandemic," CDCR said. ##Cases## The Australian state of Victoria recorded 270 new cases on Monday, according to Premier Daniel Andrews. The state has been conducting mass testing in response to a spike in cases; it conducted 30,195 tests on Saturday, 22,943 tests on Sunday, and 21,995 tests on Monday. The decline in cases could be due to stay-at-home order in the cities of Melbourne and Mitchell Shire, Andrews said. Melbourne's lockdown, imposed last Wednesday, will be in place for six weeks -- affecting almost 5 million people. The state now has 1,803 active cases. Of the new cases discovered Monday, 242 are still being traced. Fears are growing that the Victoria outbreak may have spread to the neighbouring state of New South Wales, where 13 new cases were reported on Tuesday.  "We are concerned that we have had some seeding from Victoria, where that outbreak has been going on from some time," NSW Chief Health Officer Kerry Chant said Tuesday. "We share a long border with Victoria, we are intrinsically linked with Victoria, we have a lot of travel and connections," Dr Chant said. ##Cases## ##Rollbacks## In the US state of Michigan, 43 new coronavirus cases have been linked to a large house party from early July in Washtenaw County, health officials said in a press release Monday. Most of the new cases are young people between the ages of 15 and 25, said the release. The party is believed to have taken place between July 2 and 3. Spread from the party has impacted people outside the county and even the Midwestern state, according to the release. Health officials are now asking anyone who attended the party to self quarantine and monitor themselves for symptoms of the virus for 14 days. There were an additional 66 people who are believed to have had face-to-face contact with a confirmed case. That number does not include family members who are immediate household contacts of the newly identified cases, the release said. "This is a very clear example of how quickly this virus spreads and how many people can be impacted in a very short amount of time" Jimena Loveluck, Health Officer with Washtenaw County Health Department, said in the release. "We cannot hope to accomplish our goal of containing COVID-19 and preventing additional cases, hospitalizations and deaths without full community support and cooperation." Read the full story here: ##Cases## More than 100,000 people in India have tested positive in just the past four days, said the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on Tuesday. The country recorded 28,498 new cases and 553 new deaths in the last 24 hours, said the ministry. That raises the country's total to 906,752 cases and 23,727 deaths. Not all these cases are active: More than 571,000 have recovered from the virus, leaving 311,565 cases still active. More than 12 million tests have been conducted nationwide, according to the Indian Council of Medical Research. ##Cases## Surging coronavirus cases across the United States are causing delays in getting test results from laboratories, according to Quest Diagnostics, a leading provider of diagnostic services. “Soaring demand” for a Covid-19 molecular test is “slowing the time” the company can provide test results even after rapidly scaling up its capacity, Quest said Monday. Increased capacity: The company has already doubled its testing capacity from two months ago, and now is able to perform 125,000 molecular diagnostic tests a day. By the end of the month, it expects to have the capacity for 150,000 tests a day. Despite this increase in capacity, it's taking up to a day to process test results for its priority patients: hospital patients, pre-operative patients in acute care settings and symptomatic healthcare workers. For all other cases, it’s taking on average seven or more days, said Quest in a press release. The company is facing challenges in trying to ramp up testing: Global supply constraints are still an issue, the company said.  The lab network is trying to add new technology platforms and is considering an expansion of its lab referral program. But the company cautioned that it can’t reduce its turnaround time on testing results as long as Covid-19 cases continue spiking across the country. “This is not just a Quest issue. The surge in Covid-19 cases affects the laboratory industry as a whole,” the company said. ##Hotspots## This winter, the coronavirus pandemic could create a perfect storm. In many places, health care systems already struggle in winter; conditions such as asthma, heart attacks and stroke tend to worsen in colder temperatures, and some infectious diseases like influenza spread more easily. Scientists are warning that countries need to prepare for a potential winter uptick in coronavirus cases that could be more serious than the initial outbreak. Why winter could see a rise: In cold weather we spend more time indoors in poorly ventilated spaces — exactly the conditions that are likely to make the novel coronavirus spread more easily. What's more, coronavirus cases will likely become more challenging to track and trace given Covid-19 symptoms are similar to those of winter respiratory bugs. Expert forecast: As many as 119,900 people could die of coronavirus in UK hospitals between September 2020 and June 2021, warned the UK's Academy of Medical Sciences. This projection, which the academy called a "reasonable worst-case scenario," is more than double the 45,000 deaths the UK has experienced so far. This number does not include potential deaths in care homes, which have accounted for 30% deaths in England. Read more here:   Peru surged past 330,000 confirmed Covid-19 cases on Monday. It remains the country with the second highest number of cases in Latin America, behind Brazil. The Peruvian Health Ministry reported 3,797 new cases and 184 new deaths in the past 24 hours. This raises the country's total to 330,123 cases and 12,054 deaths since the pandemic began. ##Cases## Brazil has seen more than 260,000 new coronavirus cases in the past week alone, according to data from the Brazilian Health Ministry. On Monday, the ministry recorded 20,286 new cases, bringing the country's total number of confirmed cases to 1,884,967. 261,683 of those cases came from the past seven days. The nationwide death toll stands at 72,833. President tests positive: Among the new cases recorded in the last week was Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, who announced he tested positive for the virus on Tuesday. Bolsonaro will take another Covid-19 test this week, the official doctor for the presidency told CNN affiliate CNN Brasil on Monday, and reported he is "doing well." The President also announced that day he had taken hydroxychloroquine on the advice of his medical team and posted a video on his official Facebook page later showing himself taking what he claimed was a third dose of the drug. ##Cases## ##Politics## ##Hotspots## The United States now has at least 3,361,042 cases of coronavirus and 135,582 related deaths, according to Johns Hopkins University. On Monday, the US reported 56,100 new cases and 377 deaths.  The totals include cases from all 50 states, the District of Columbia and other US territories, as well as repatriated cases.  Follow our live tracker of US cases here: ##Cases## Mexico confirmed 4,685 new Covid-19 cases on Monday, bringing the total number of infections to 304,435. The Mexican Health Ministry also reported 485 new deaths, bringing the country’s coronavirus death toll to 35,491. President claims progress: Earlier Sunday, Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said claimed the pandemic "is losing intensity."  The president made the comments before the Sunday figures were released, but the country has reported consistent daily increases in cases throughout the pandemic. "I want to tell you that the report is positive, is good, the conclusion is that the pandemic is decreasing, is losing intensity," he said in a video address to the nation. ##Cases## ##Hotspots## The National Basketball Association and its players' union said in a joint statement on Monday that two more players have tested positive for Covid-19 at the league’s Orlando campus. A total of 21 NBA players have tested positive for the virus since July 1.   Two players returned positive tests while still under initial quarantine after arriving at the NBA’s campus in Orlando. Those players have left the league’s campus to isolate at home or in isolation housing. The other 19 players tested positive before traveling to the league’s Orlando campus and are in self-isolation at home until being cleared to travel. ##Cases##