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US President Joe Biden says he isn't afraid of the Western alliance fracturing as Russia's war in Ukraine grinds ahead.
But he did warn of a protracted conflict and said he would discuss the way forward with allies a next week's NATO summit in Madrid
"I’m not afraid," he said when questioned about the potential for fractures among US allies in Europe.
"I do think, at some point, this is going to be a bit of a waiting game," he added. "What the Russians can sustain and what Europe is going to be prepared to sustain."
"That’s one of the things we’re going to be speaking in Spain about," he concluded.
Biden departs Saturday for a G7 summit in Germany followed by the NATO gathering in Spain.
The Military Administration of Kharkiv said 15 people have died and 16 have been injured across the region.
In a post on Telegram, Oleh Syniehubov said the dead included six in Chuhuiv, five in Kharkiv, three in Zolovhiv and an 8-year-old girl from Derhachi.
Russian forces shelling Ukraine’s second largest city of Kharkiv have targeted residential and industrial zones across the city, according to Serhii Bolvinov, head of the Investigative Department of National Police in Kharkiv.
As a result of the shelling, five people were killed and 11 people were injured.
In addition to those who died in Kharkiv, four other people were killed in surrounding towns and villages, including an 8-year-old girl.
Ukrainian officials reported an uptick in Russian shelling overnight around the area.
The White House says it is "appalling" Russia won’t rule out applying the death penalty on two American citizens detained after volunteering to fight in Ukraine.
"We still are trying to learn more about these two individuals," said John Kirby, the coordinator for strategic communications at the National Security Council.
"It’s appalling that a public official in Russia would even suggest the death penalty for two American citizens that were in Ukraine. And we’re going to continue to try and learn what we can about this," he said.
Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said Monday the Geneva Convention — the charter which sets out how soldiers and civilians are treated in wartime, including banning execution of prisoners of war — does not apply to the two detained US citizens.
Peskov said the death penalty could not be ruled out, but that it was a decision for a court and not the Kremlin.
Kirby said he wouldn't try and get into Peskov's or Vladimir Putin's heads. But he said no matter whether the prospect of the death penalty was real or hypothetical, it was troubling no matter what.
"Either way, it’s equally alarming, whether they actually mean what they’re saying here and this could be an outcome, that they could levy a death penalty against two Americans in Ukraine,” he said. “Or that they just feel it’s a responsible thing for a major power to do, to talk about doing this as a way of signaling the president of the United States and the American people. Either one of them is equally alarming.”
Russia will "absolutely not" go back to the pre-war status quo, a senior State Department official told reporters Tuesday.
This official did not speak explicitly to the future of diplomatic relations with Russia, noting they were already strained prior to the war starting in February. They said US Ambassador to Russia John Sullivan speaks less frequently with the Russian foreign ministry than before, but there is still contact on the issues of the US Embassy's "staffing woes" and the detained Americans.
"That's a frequent topic multiple times a week, on behalf of various detainees and not just the most high-profile ones, which are obviously Paul Whelan and Brittney Griner, but there are other Americans who are detained there who deserve the same level of treatment as any American citizen does, who's detained in a foreign country," the official said.
The official also explained how challenging it is to work with the Russians on the issue of detained Americans, because the Russians put convoluted processes in place that prevent any quick contact with the detainees.
“Oh, well, we moved detainee X last week. He's on the other side of Moscow and you're gonna need a different form, in triplicate, but that but the office that issues it is closed until next Thursday. But if you come after five on Friday, then maybe we'll take care of you, but only bring blue pens,” the official said, describing the kinds of hoops that the Russians make US officials jump through.
Sullivan has not "engaged on Ukraine policy with the Russian government since mid-February,” the official explained.
The official spoke of the commercial impact the war has had in Russia, noting that there were more than 1,000 US companies that did business in Russia last year and "it's a fraction of that now."
The official said the US ambassador had previously dealt a great deal with helping US businesses in Russia that had gotten in trouble over regulatory or potential criminal matters. They said Sullivan had "a lot of interaction" with the minister of Trade and Industry and they "developed a pretty good relationship." The official said the outcomes weren't often positive but "the issues were treated seriously and sometimes we got good outcomes, more often than not we didn't, but that's all stopped."
Attorney General Merrick Garland announced a War Crimes Accountability team during an unannounced trip to Ukraine on Tuesday that will work to identify and prosecute anyone who committed war crimes in Ukraine.
The team, Garland said, will be led by the department's best-known Nazi Hunter Eli Rosenbaum, and will be made up of experts in investigations involving human rights abuses and war crimes. Rosenbaum, a 36-year veteran of the Justice Department, previously served as the Director of Human Rights Enforcement Strategy and Policy, helped the department over 100 cases to strip citizenship from or deport accused Nazis, according to the Justice Department.
The announcement is a strong signal from the Justice Department that it is interested in investigating war crimes in the ongoing war in Ukraine and follows a previous effort by the Justice Department to lock down the assets of Russian oligarchs.
“There is no hiding place for war criminals. The US Justice Department will pursue every avenue of accountability for those who commit war crimes and other atrocities in Ukraine,” Garland said in Ukraine. “Working alongside our domestic and international partners, the Justice Department will be relentless in our efforts to hold accountable every person complicit in the commission of war crimes, torture, and other grave violations during the unprovoked conflict in Ukraine.”
Garland also said that the Justice Department will send three prosecutors to advise Ukraine, as well as countries in Europe and the Middle East, in fighting Russian efforts to evade global sanctions.
The Ukrainian Army said Tuesday that it had launched some airstrikes on Zmiinyi Island, which is also known as Snake Island.
The Southern Operational Command of the Ukrainian Army said it had used “aimed strikes with the use of various forces” on the island.
The military operation is still on going and that “information silence” was required until the end of the operation, the command added.
Zmiinyi Island was the scene of one of the opening salvos of the war in Ukraine and is of strategic importance to both sides. During the opening days of the war, it was the site of a demand from a Russian war ship to Ukrainian defenders to surrender. They replied, infamously, with "Russian warship, go f**k yourself” – a phrase that become a motif of Ukrainian resistance.
US Attorney General Merrick Garland made an unannounced trip to Ukraine on Tuesday, where he met Ukrainian Prosecutor General Iryna Venediktova.
The two will discuss efforts by the United States and other countries to help Ukraine "identify, apprehend, and prosecute those individuals involved in war crimes" in Ukraine, according to a statement from a Justice Department official.
Garland had previously announced a trip to Europe scheduled for this week to meet with European leaders and discuss their joint efforts to combat Russian aggression in Ukraine.
Garland is the most recent top-ranking US official to travel to Ukraine. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin met with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky in Kyiv in April, and a congressional delegation led by Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell traveled to Kyiv just a few weeks later.
Appearing alongside Venediktova inside Ukraine, Garland said he was there to “express the unwavering support of the United States for the people of Ukraine in the midst of the unprovoked and unjust Russian invasion.”
Garland also said he wanted to discuss actions the United States “is taking to assist the Ukrainian authorities in holding accountable those responsible for the atrocities, for the war crimes that the entire world has seen.”
“The United States is sending an unmistakable message – there is no place to hide. We and our partners will pursue every avenue available to make sure that those responsible for these atrocities are held accountable,” Garland said.