February 28, 2022 Russia-Ukraine news

By Aditi Sangal, Jessie Yeung, Adam Renton, Rob Picheta, Ed Upright, Maureen Chowdhury, Jason Kurtz, Melissa Macaya and Meg Wagner, CNN

Updated 12:01 a.m. ET, March 1, 2022
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1:29 p.m. ET, February 28, 2022

China's UN rep calls on parties to exercise restraint in Ukraine crisis

From CNN's Kristina Sgueglia

Zhang Jun, China's representative to the United Nations, speaks at the emergency special session of the UN General Assembly on Monday.
Zhang Jun, China's representative to the United Nations, speaks at the emergency special session of the UN General Assembly on Monday. (Kena Betancur/AFP/Getty Images)

China’s Permanent Representative to the UN Zhang Jun called on parties to exercise restraint, step up diplomatic efforts, and notably said he supports the European Union, The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Russia resuming dialogue including the “legitimate” security concerns of all, including Russia.

Ambassador Jun said he supports dialogue resuming between EU, NATO and Russia “bearing in mind the notion of indivisible security properly addressing the legitimate security concerns of all parties including Russia, striving to forge a balanced effective and sustainable European security mechanism so as to achieve lasting peace and stability for the European continent.”

“The Cold War has long ended,” he told the General Assembly hall, and “the Cold War mentality” he said “should be abandoned.”

“Nothing can be gained from stirring up a new cold war, but everyone will stand to lose,” Jun said.

Of the situation in Ukraine, Jun said it has “evolved to a point which China doesn’t wish to see” and is “not in the interest of any party.”

“The immediate priority is for all parties to exercise restraint, prevent further worsening of the situation, while stepping up diplomatic efforts aiming for a political solution," he said.

He also welcomed the start of direct talks between delegations. He said Ukraine should serve as a bridge of communication between east and west, rather than a frontline

He reiterated that the safety of civilian life and humanitarian needs should be guaranteed.

1:31 p.m. ET, February 28, 2022

Shell will exit partnerships with Gazprom and end its involvement in the Nord Stream 2 pipeline

From CNN's Chris Liakos

(Kirsty Wigglesworth/AP/File)
(Kirsty Wigglesworth/AP/File)

Shell said on Monday it plans to exit its equity partnerships with Russian state energy giant Gazprom in light of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

According to a statement, Shell intends to exit its joint ventures with Gazprom and related entities, including its 27.5% stake in the Sakhalin-II liquefied natural gas facility, its 50% stake in the Salym Petroleum Development and the Gydan energy venture. The company will also end its involvement in the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project, the statement added.

“We are shocked by the loss of life in Ukraine, which we deplore, resulting from a senseless act of military aggression which threatens European security,” said Shell’s chief executive officer, Ben van Beurden.

“Our decision to exit is one we take with conviction,” he said adding that “We cannot — and we will not — stand by. Our immediate focus is the safety of our people in Ukraine and supporting our people in Russia. In discussion with governments around the world, we will also work through the detailed business implications, including the importance of secure energy supplies to Europe and other markets, in compliance with relevant sanctions.”

At the end of 2021, Shell had around $3 billion in non-current assets in these ventures in Russia, according to the company.

“We expect that the decision to start the process of exiting joint ventures with Gazprom and related entities will impact the book value of Shell’s Russia assets and lead to impairments,” said Shell in the statement.

12:58 p.m. ET, February 28, 2022

UK foreign office advises against all travel to Russia

From CNN's Lauren Kent and Niamh Kennedy

The UK foreign office has advised against all travel to Russia, according to updated travel guidance published Monday. 

The foreign office said they have updated their guidance due to "the lack of available flight options to return to the UK, and the increased volatility in the Russian economy."

British nationals already in Russia should "be aware that it may not be possible to fly directly to the UK, or via EU countries," and they are advised to amend travel plans accordingly, the advisory added.

1:14 p.m. ET, February 28, 2022

Moscow flight cancellations rank highest worldwide

From CNN's Pete Muntean

Travelers look at a departures board Monday at the Sheremetyevo International Airport in Moscow. The flights in red were canceled.
Travelers look at a departures board Monday at the Sheremetyevo International Airport in Moscow. The flights in red were canceled. (Mikhail Metzel/TASS/Getty Images)

The number of canceled flights to and from Moscow’s Sheremetyevo International Airport rank the highest worldwide as western governments continue closing airspace to Russian aircraft.  

One in every five departing and arriving flights from Sheremetyevo have been canceled as of 12:30 p.m. ET Monday, according to data on flight tracking site FlightAware. The airport is the largest in Russia, according to its website.

Russian carrier Aeroflot has canceled one-quarter of its Monday flight schedule and delayed another 10% of flights, FlightAware said.

Europe and Canada have banned Russian flights from entering their airspace, leaving some aircraft to take circuitous routes. 

Late Sunday, Aeroflot Flight 111 from Miami to Moscow “violated the prohibition put in place” by Canadian aviation officials.

“We are launching a review of the conduct of Aeroflot and the independent air navigation service provider, NAVCAN, leading up to this violation,” Transport Canada tweeted. “We will not hesitate to take appropriate enforcement action and other measures to prevent future violations."

Aeroflot has now canceled the same flight scheduled for Tuesday.

On Friday, Delta Air Lines announced it was ending its codeshare booking partnership with Aeroflot. Delta said it would re-accommodate passengers on the handful of flights impacted by the move.

1:03 p.m. ET, February 28, 2022

FIFA and UEFA ban Russian national football teams and professional clubs from competition

From CNN's Kevin Dotson and Wayne Sterling

Russian national football teams and club teams have been suspended from competition until further notice by global football governing body FIFA and European football governing body UEFA. 

“Football is fully united here and in full solidarity with all the people affected in Ukraine,” the joint statement said on Monday. “Both (FIFA and UEFA) Presidents hope that the situation in Ukraine will improve significantly and rapidly so that football can again be a vector for unity and peace amongst people."

Shortly after this joint announcement, UEFA said it has ended its partnership with the Russian state-owned energy company, Gazprom, across all competitions, effective immediately.

UEFA made the announcement on Monday, saying, "The decision covers all existing agreements including the UEFA Champions League, UEFA national team competitions and UEFA EURO 2024."

12:52 p.m. ET, February 28, 2022

Mayor of a southern Ukrainian city warns of incoming Russian troops

From CNN's Nick Paton Walsh in Odessa

The mayor of the southern Ukrainian city of Mykolayiv has written on Facebook, urging civilians to come out and “resist” as a “significant” amount of Russian armor is reported to be headed towards them. 

Sirens are reportedly going off in the city.

1:12 p.m. ET, February 28, 2022

Twitter will label all content that contains links to Russian state media, company says

From CNN’s Brian Fung

(Jakub Porzycki/NurPhoto/Getty Images)
(Jakub Porzycki/NurPhoto/Getty Images)

Twitter will now label all content that contains links to Russian state media and will demote that content algorithmically, the company said, as tech platforms have come under greater pressure to respond to Russia's invasion of Ukraine. 

The move goes beyond previous steps that Twitter has taken in years past to label Russian state media accounts on the platform.

Since the invasion began, the "overwhelming majority" of Russian state media content appearing on Twitter has been shared by individuals, not the state media organizations' own accounts, the company said. Over the past week, individuals have shared more than 45,000 tweets per day containing media from Russian state outlets. 

Monday's change will mean that any link shared by a user to a Russian state media organization's website will automatically receive a label, warning viewers that the tweet "links to a Russia state-affiliated media website."

 "In addition to the label, we will reduce the visibility and amplification of this content site-wide, no matter who it comes from," said Twitter spokesperson Trenton Kennedy. "This means that Tweets sharing state media content won’t be amplified — they won’t appear in Top Search and won’t be recommended by Twitter."

Content from state media outlets of other countries will also receive the same treatment "in the coming weeks," Kennedy added.

More context: Twitter has not permitted advertising by state-run media outlets since 2019, and the company suspended all ads in Ukraine and Russia last week amid the unfolding crisis to prioritize public safety information. 

The move follows requests by government leaders for tech giants to clamp down on pro-Russian propaganda, including by applying algorithmic controls that limit the amplification and recommendation of Russian-backed media.

See how other social media companies are responding to Russia's invasion here.

12:55 p.m. ET, February 28, 2022

Analysis: A nuclear Belarus? What the referendum means to the rest of the world.

Analysis from CNN's Nathan Hodge

Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko show in this February 18, 2022 file photo.
Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko show in this February 18, 2022 file photo. (Sergey Guneev/Sputnik/AP)

On Sunday, Russia’s close ally Belarus held a referendum, the result of which – in theory – opens the door for the former Soviet republic to host nuclear weaponry. 

With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, newly independent states in addition to Russia appeared on the map with nuclear weapons stationed on their territory: Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan.

The prospect of three new countries armed with nuclear weapons alarmed world leaders, and with the signing of the Budapest Memorandum in 1994, the three agreed to give up their nuclear arsenals in exchange for security guarantees.

The vote in a referendum to approve a new constitution allows Belarus to shed its non-nuclear status. But does that mean it can acquire nuclear weapons? After all, the country does not have a weapons complex for designing, building or testing nuclear weaponry. 

Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko seems to be hinting at something else: stationing Russian warheads on Belarusian soil. 

Addressing journalists at a polling station in Minsk on Sunday, Lukashenko said he could ask his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin to “return the nuclear weapons” Belarus formally gave up when his country signed up to the Budapest Memorandum.

"If America, or you France, two nuclear powers, start transferring nuclear weapons to Poland or Lithuania, on our borders... I will go to Putin so that he will return to me the nuclear weapons that I, without any special conditions, gave to them,” Lukashenko said. 

Poland and Lithuania do not possess nuclear weapons.

It’s unclear what plans Russia may have, in practice. But it’s worth noting that, days before Russia started its invasion of Ukraine, Lukashenko sat in the Kremlin situation center with Putin to observe nuclear drills, watching the launch of a series of missiles at different test ranges. 

There are several layers of irony in the nuclear rhetoric over Belarus. In stating his case for the invasion of Ukraine, Putin has made a baseless claim about supposed Ukrainian aspirations to acquire nuclear weaponry, something the Kremlin leader cast as an existential threat. 

And it’s worth remembering that Ukraine gave up its own nuclear stockpile in exchange for security guarantees to its territorial integrity from several countries – including Russia – that Putin has now broken.

4:33 p.m. ET, February 28, 2022

White House wants to "reduce the rhetoric and deescalate" after Putin's nuclear deterrence move

From CNN's Nikki Carvajal

White House press secretary Jen Psaki shown in this February 23, 2022 file photo in Washington, D.C.
White House press secretary Jen Psaki shown in this February 23, 2022 file photo in Washington, D.C. (Drew Angerer/Getty Images)

The Biden administration wants to “reduce the rhetoric and deescalate” after Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered his country’s deterrence forces – which include nuclear arms – be placed on high alert, the White House said Monday. 

“We've seen this pattern from President Putin over the course of the last several months and even before then, where he manufactures the threat in order to justify a greater aggressive action,” White House press secretary Jen Psaki told MSNBC.

“The Russians – President Putin included as the leader of Russia – have committed to taking steps to reduce nuclear threats," she added. “Everybody knows that that is not a war that can be won." 

Psaki said the US has its “own preparations” and “own ability and capacity to defend the United States,” but has not changed alert levels. 

“We have not changed our own alerts, and we have not changed our own assessment in that front, but we also need to be very clear eyed about his own use of threats,” she said. “What we want to do right now is reduce the rhetoric and deescalate.”

The administration is also doubling down on the decision not to use US troops to create a no-fly zone in Ukraine, calling it “not a good idea” and "not something the President wants to do."

The implementation of a no-fly zone by the US military “would essentially mean the US military would be shooting down planes, Russian planes," Psaki said. “That is definitely escalatory that would potentially put us into a place where we're in a military conflict with Russia.

US President Joe Biden will talk about the situation in Ukraine during his State of the Union address on Tuesday, she confirmed.

Biden would talk about “the fact that the President has built a coalition of countries around the world to stand up to Russian aggression, to stand up to President Putin, to put in place crippling sanctions, that will be a part of what people will hear in the speech. That wouldn't have been the case three months ago,” she said. 

“If we look back at history,” she continued, “President Obama gave a speech during the worst financial crisis of our lifetime. President Bush gave a speech shortly after the worst terrorist attack on our homeland ever. It's always about expressing how you're going to lead the country.” 

She said there would be new policy proposals in the speech.