March 16, 2022 Russia-Ukraine news

By Aditi Sangal, Adrienne Vogt, Meg Wagner, Melissa Macaya, Helen Regan, Adam Renton, George Ramsay, Ed Upright and Maureen Chowdhury, CNN

Updated 12:00 a.m. ET, March 17, 2022
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6:51 p.m. ET, March 16, 2022

Ukraine's rail chief reveals how EU leaders got in and out of Kyiv in 24 hours, despite a "naïve" move

Scott McLean and Sarah Sirgany

Oleksandr Kamyshin, chairman of Ukrainian Railways
Oleksandr Kamyshin, chairman of Ukrainian Railways (CNN)

The chairman of Ukrainian Railways has said that the Polish, Czech and Slovenian Prime Ministers, who traveled by train for a Tuesday meeting with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky in Kyiv, took a "strong step" to show support for his war-torn country, albeit a "naïve" one.

"That was really important for us, even if it was naïve," Oleksandr Kamyshin told CNN Wednesday.

Kamyshin, the national rail system's top executive, called the move naïve because the delegation of EU leaders announced their travel plans while they were still en route to the capital.

Kyiv has been terrorized by a campaign of Russian airstrikes that have hit residential areas in recent days, including several apartment blocks — prompting a 35-hour curfew that began Tuesday evening.

Ukraine's rail system is not immune to those strikes. But Tuesday morning, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki announced that he, along with Slovenian Prime Minister Janez Janša and Czech Prime Minister Petr Fiala, were heading toward Kyiv.

"I was keeping their secret, but when I saw something was published online, it surprised me. I didn't understand that," Kamyshin told CNN.

While en route, Morawiecki wrote in a Facebook post: "It is our duty to be where history is being made. Because it's not about us, it's about the future of our children who deserve to live in a world free from tyranny."

Fiala also tweeted that the "purpose of the visit is to confirm the unequivocal support of the entire European Union for the sovereignty and independence of Ukraine."

Security concerns have been at the top of the 37-year-old rail executive's mind ever since the war began.

Kamyshin and his top deputies have spent the last three weeks criss-crossing the country, managing the railway's 321,000 employees and roughly 1,450 stations on the move. He believes that railway management is a target for Russian bombs, so staying in near-constant motion is a matter of personal safety.

"Even to my kids I don't tell them, 'Hey don't reveal your location,' because everyone should understand that it's war. I can't instruct prime ministers," he said.

According to Kamyshin, it was the Prime Ministers' idea to travel to Kyiv by train, believing it was the safest mode of transport.

He agreed, despite a train station in Zaporizhzhia being hit Wednesday morning by a Russian bomb, shortly after their visit, which left a crater-sized hole on the railway tracks, and damaged the rail station.

"Any smart person would choose the train over a car these days," he said. "Even with bombing everywhere, stations and trains are the safest places in the country right now."

Kamyshin said the delegation traveled on a special train with four of the railway's newest sleeper cars. The only other passengers were part of the delegation or security.

"It was a regular, normal train, with normal rail cars," he said. "So [the delegation's route] was not more special than the others. ... It was the same track that normal passengers take as well."

The journey took around eight or nine hours, he said. The leaders spent a few hours with Zelensky and his team before taking an overnight train back to Poland.

"For me, it's the best assessment of the railways if foreign prime ministers chose railways instead of a car or a helicopter, or any other option," he said.

6:27 p.m. ET, March 16, 2022

Zelensky: At least 103 children killed in Ukraine so far 

From CNN staff

(Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky/Facebook)
(Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky/Facebook)

At least 103 children have been killed in Ukraine since the start of the Russian invasion, Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky said in a video message posted to Facebook on Wednesday. 

Speaking before addressing the US Congress, but released on Facebook afterward, Zelensky said in the video, “Last night, Russian troops continued shelling Ukrainian territory, our peaceful cities, our citizens. Kharkiv and the region ... They bombed the coast of the Odesa region. They fired missiles at Kyiv. Hit civilian infrastructure of Zaporizhzhia.”

He added, “As of this morning, 103 children have been killed.”

Zelensky said Russian troops have caused “hundreds of times more damage” in Ukraine than on Donbas in eight years of war. The Ukrainian president went on to say a total of 400 educational institutions have been destroyed in Ukraine to date, with 119 being in the Donetsk region.

Zelensky also said he spoke with the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, and that the Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine and law enforcement agencies have already started working to “bring the invaders to justice.”

“The invaders will be responsible for all war crimes against Ukrainians,” he said.

6:17 p.m. ET, March 16, 2022

Canada prohibits Belarusian aircrafts from entering country's airspace in response to their support of Russia

From CNN’s Jenn Selva

Belarusian aircraft are prohibited from entering Canadian airspace in response to their support of Russia’s unprovoked aggression in Ukraine, according to a tweet from Canadian Transport Minister Omar Algahabra.

“Effective immediately, and until further notice, all aircraft directly or indirectly owned, registered, chartered, leased, operated or controlled by a citizen of either the Russian Federation or of Belarus, are prohibited from entering, exiting or overflying Canadian airspace,” Transport Canada tweeted.

The restriction is part of a number of economic measures from Canada against direct supporters of Russia. 

“We have issued a revised #NOTAM (notice to airman) to inform air operators of the new restriction,” Transport Canada tweeted. “We will not hesitate to take immediate enforcement action should non-compliance with the restrictions be confirmed.”

5:21 p.m. ET, March 16, 2022

11,000 people leave besieged Mariupol, as Orthodox priests accompany buses through Russian-occupied territory

From CNN's Mariya Knight and Marina Marukhnych

Evacuees from Mariupol wait at the Zaporizhzhia State Circus to be transported to other locations in the city on March 16.
Evacuees from Mariupol wait at the Zaporizhzhia State Circus to be transported to other locations in the city on March 16. (Emre Caylak/AFP/Getty Images)

Eleven thousand people left the southeastern city of Mariupol en route to Zaporizhzhia on Wednesday, according to a post on the Telegram channel of Mariupol city council, marking another increase in the number of residents able to escape the besieged city.

For people able to make it as far as Berdyansk in their own cars but unable to drive further, fifteen buses were supplied to complete the journey and Orthodox priests accompanied the buses, the council said.

By Wednesday evening, officials said more than 6,400 Mariupol residents had made the journey through Russian-occupied territory to Zaporizhzhia, which is still in Ukrainian hands. More than 2,000 children were among them.

The humanitarian convoy to bring aid into Mariupol, and empty buses to evacuate residents, remains blocked by Russian forces, officials said.

5:13 p.m. ET, March 16, 2022

"Children" was spelled out on two sides of Mariupol theater before bombing, satellite images show

From CNN's Paul P. Murphy

The Russian word ДЕТИ, or "Children" is seen on the grounds of the Mariupol theater prior to being bombed. 
The Russian word ДЕТИ, or "Children" is seen on the grounds of the Mariupol theater prior to being bombed.  (Satellite image ©2022 Maxar Technologies)

New satellite images from Maxar Technologies show that on Monday, the word "children" was spelled out outside the theater that the Mariupol City Council said was bombed on Wednesday.

The City Council said that on Wednesday that Russian forces had "purposefully and cynically destroyed the Drama Theater in the heart of Mariupol. The plane dropped a bomb on a building where hundreds of peaceful Mariupol residents were hiding."

5:30 p.m. ET, March 16, 2022

NATO "not as essential" as no-fly zone, Ukraine's deputy prime minister tells CNN

From CNN’s Sam Kiley and Bex Wright in Kyiv

Olha Stefanishyna, deputy prime minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration of Ukraine, told CNN on Wednesday that President Volodymyr Zelensky’s address to the US Congress didn’t mention NATO because that is “not as essential” as a no-fly zone and weapons – and political aspirations will have to go on hold for now.

CNN’s Sam Kiley spoke to Stefanishyna remotely from a secure hidden location in the Ukrainian capital of Kyiv on Wednesday, following Zelensky’s address.

“I think that NATO is something which is not as essential as a no-fly zone and more weapons and basically, capability to defend ourselves,” she said, “but now basically it's not about politics, it's about survival.”

Stefanishyna said Putin is failing in the war because “the chain of command which disinforms him, and the senior management around, shows that they know nothing about our nation.”

“I'm absolutely sure that he's uncomfortable in every moment that he’s sitting in his bomb shelter,” she said, adding, “he fails in each of his assessments.”

She also responded to how she feels about her government being effectively driven underground, saying that “we feel ourselves as one with Ukrainian people and we suffer and cry the same with the death of every child and citizen of Ukraine.”

Stefanishyna told CNN she has faith in her country’s military — and the unity and fearlessness of the people — to overcome Russia’s aggression in this conflict, but she added that it's the “responsibility” of Western leaders to provide security guarantees, together with Russia.

“Security guarantees in a broader format are essential to us,” she said.

“What we want is to live peacefully on our land in a democratic way," Stefanishyna said, adding that Ukraine is already part of the European family. "We're already part of the political European family,” she said.

5:12 p.m. ET, March 16, 2022

It's 10 p.m. in Kyiv. Catch up on the latest developments. 

From CNN staff

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky virtually addresses the US Congress on Wednesday, March 16.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky virtually addresses the US Congress on Wednesday, March 16. (J. Scott Applewhite/Pool/AFP/Getty Images)

A theater where hundreds of people had taken shelter in Mariupol was bombed on Wednesday, according to local authorities, as hundreds of thousands of people remain trapped in the coastal Ukrainian city that has been encircled for weeks by Russian forces.

Mariupol City Council, who shared an image of the destroyed building, said Russian forces had "purposefully and cynically destroyed the Drama Theater in the heart of Mariupol."

CNN has geolocated the image and confirmed it is of the theater. Videos showed a fire raging in the theater's ruins. The number of casualties is unknown, authorities said.

Here's a catch up of key developments that have unfolded today:

  • Biden calls Putin a "war criminal": US President Joe Biden called President Vladimir Putin a "war criminal" on Wednesday as Russia intensifies its attack on Ukraine. "I think he is a war criminal," Biden said. Biden’s designation reflects a shift from the administration’s previous stance. Officials, including Biden, had previously stopped short of saying war crimes were being committed in Ukraine, citing ongoing investigations into whether that term could be used.
  • Ukraine says it has rescued mayor who was detained by armed Russians: The Ukrainian government says it has staged a rescue of the mayor of the southern city of Melitopol, who was detained by armed men in the Russian-occupied city on March 11. "A special operation to release the mayor of Melitopol Ivan Fedorov has just been successfully completed. Vanya is safe," Kyrylo Tymoshenko, a senior official in President Volodymyr Zelensky's office, said in a message on his Telegram channel. Russian troops gained control of Melitopol on Feb. 26. On March 11, armed men detained the elected mayor Fedorov and later that day the prosecutor’s office for the Russian-backed separatist Luhansk region accused him on terrorism charges.
  • Fate of hundreds sheltering in bombed theater in Mariupol is "unknown": Pavlo Kyrylenko, the head of Donetsk regional administration which includes Mariupol, said Russian forces are trying to "physically destroy Mariupol and the people of Mariupol, which have been a symbol of our resistance" after a theater sustained heavy damage in an apparent bombing. Kyrylenko said they launched an air strike on the "Drama Theater" and "the Neptune" swimming pool. "According to preliminary data, several hundred Mariupol residents were hiding in the Drama Theater. Their fate is unknown, as the entrance to the bomb shelter is blocked by rubble," he said.
  • Zelensky's address to US Congress: As Russia continued its attacks in Ukraine, President Volodymyr Zelensky appealed to Congress for help in a historic speech, telling US lawmakers "we need you right now" as he invoked tragedies in American history like the attack on Pearl Harbor and the September 11 terrorist attack. The speech, which was given as a virtual address to members of Congress, came as the United States is under pressure from Ukraine to supply more military assistance to the embattled country as it fights back against Russia's deadly attack.
  • Biden announced $800 million more in aid to Ukraine: US President Joe Biden announced $800 million in additional security assistance to Ukraine during remarks from the White House on Wednesday. This brings the total to $1 billion in aid announced in just the last week. "The world is united in our support for Ukraine and our determination to make (Russian President Vladimir) Putin pay a very heavy price," Biden said as he made the announcement. The package of military assistance will include anti-tank missiles and more of the defensive weapons that the US has already been providing, including Javelin anti-tank and Stinger anti-aircraft missiles, officials familiar with the plans said.
4:09 p.m. ET, March 16, 2022

US defense official: Russian forces have not made "any significant advances" towards Kyiv

From CNN's Ellie Kaufman

Russian forces are still “generally stalled” near Kyiv, Ukraine, and have not “made any significant advances” towards the city from the north, northwest or east of the city, a senior US defense official told reporters Wednesday 

Russian forces to the east of Kyiv are still about 30 kilometers (about 18 miles) away from the city’s center, the official said.

“The bottom line is they haven’t made any appreciable progress coming to the east,” the official said.

Ukrainians are still in control of Brovary. Chernihiv remains isolated, but the US is seeing Ukrainians “trying to develop lines of communication to the south and with some success,” the official said. 

There has been no “apparent progress in or around Kharkiv” by Russian forces, the official said.

Mariupol also remains isolated by Russian forces, the official added.

In Mykolaiv, Ukrainians continue to defend the city. Russian forces are still outside of the city “mostly to the northeast,” about 10 to 15 kilometers (six to nine miles) away, the official said.

4:03 p.m. ET, March 16, 2022

State Department spokesperson: US welcomes "sentiments" of hope about diplomacy, but Russia must de-escalate

From CNN's Jennifer Hansler

The United States welcomes “the sentiments expressed that there is hope, that there is optimism for diplomatic progress,” but believes Russia must de-escalate for any such progress to actually be achieved, State Department spokesperson Ned Price said.

“What Ukraine needs now more than sentiments, more than hope, more than optimism is de-escalation, is an end to the violence, is a tangible indication that President Putin is changing course. And that is something we have not yet seen,” Price said at a State Department briefing Wednesday, referencing “more horrifying reports of shelling, of destruction of what appeared to be civilian sites across Ukraine, including in Mariupol.”

Asked about potential neutrality commitments or other guarantees that could lead to a cessation of the war, Price said it was “not a question for us regarding what might lead to a ceasefire, a diminution of violence between Ukraine and Russia.”

“This is ultimately a question for our Ukrainian partners to decide, to decide the terms of diplomacy, what they are willing to pursue, what they are not willing to pursue,” Price said.

He said such an issue was “really at the heart of this conflict." Adding, Russia is “waging this war precisely because they sought to deprive Ukraine of its sovereign rights, its sovereign right to determine its own foreign policy, its sovereign right to determine its own Western orientation, its sovereign right to choose its own partners and alliances.”

“So as part and parcel of that it is not for us to set the terms by which Ukraine and Russia may be in a position to reach an agreement that we all hope could diminish the violence. That is for Ukrainian to decide. We will be standing by our Ukrainian partners, assisting them with the diplomacy as we know a number of our allies and partners around the world are doing but these are questions for sovereign state of Ukraine,” Price said.