What's happening at the US border
Cindy Madrid on Thursday spoke to her 6-year-old daughter, Alisson, for the first time since they were separated after crossing the border, according to a spokesperson with Southwest Key Programs shelters, which is housing the girl.
Madrid is in a detention facility in Texas, and hadn't seen or talked to her daughter, although she heard her daughter's voice in an anguished voice recording released by investigative news nonprofit ProPublica. In the audio recording, other separated children sob desperately.
Jeff Eller, spokesperson for Southwest Key Programs, said Alisson was assigned a case manager and got to speak to her aunt. She began the reunification process, he said.
"We are continuing to provide this child with excellent care and are advocating for safe reunification on her behalf, as well as continued communication with her mother and aunt," Eller said.
A source told CNN that Madrid has another call with her daughter scheduled for Tuesday afternoon.
Melissa Lopez helps reunite separated immigrant children with their parents, and she's been busy.
Lawyers have sent her organization several requests from distraught parents searching for their children after crossing the border through El Paso.
"They will send us a list and say, 'please check,' " said Lopez, who serves as the executive director of Diocesan Migrant and Refugee Services in El Paso, Texas.
So far, they have reconnected between 20 to 30 families over the phone. As facilities reach capacity, children are increasingly being sent to other parts of the country, away from where their parents are detained, Lopez said. There's no easy system to match family members, she said, and phone calls are a crucial, immediate way to reconnect.
"The government provides absolutely no tools to these families to try and reunite them. They separate them and make no sort of effort or feel any sort of responsibility about making sure either party knows where the other is," Lopez said. "It definitely is challenging."
The Office of Refugee Resettlement provides parents with a hotline to call for details on a separated child, and says it will work across agencies to schedule regular phone communication.
"They (parents) have to hope that somebody reaches out to follow up. It's a really inhumane system," Lopez said.
Parents decide if they'll get deported with or without their children, Henry Lucero, a field office director for Immigration and Customs Enforcement, told a roundtable of lawmakers in Weslaco, Texas.
Lucero said a parent in ICE custody is asked if they want to be repatriated with or without their children.
ICE says "a majority" of parents are opting to be deported without their child so the children can go through the immigration system, he said.
If the parent decides to have their child back, the consulate of their origin country will work with ICE to reunite the parents and children while they are still in the United States.
Ryan Patrick, US attorney for Southern District of Texas, said prosecutions for illegal entry are up 266% since the "zero-tolerance" policy went into effect.
Customs and Border Protection expects all unaccompanied children in its custody to be reunited with their parents Friday, an administration official said.
“CBP expects that all unaccompanied children in their custody who were separated from adults who were being prosecuted will have been reunited with their families,” the official said Friday.
An important note: These would be children separated mostly within the last 72 hours who were never transferred out of CBP custody when President Trump's executive order came down this week.
Some context: These children are not the 2,300 to 3,000 children in the custody of Department of Health and Human Services.
The official goes on to say some children, who were separated for reasons other than the Trump administration's "zero-tolerance" policy, will not be reunited with their families. Generally, the official explains, these are cases where “the familial relationship cannot be confirmed, or believe the adult is a threat to the safety of the child, or the adult is a criminal undocumented immigrant."
Officials with the Department of Homeland Security, Customs and Border Protection and the Justice Department met at the White House Thursday night and Friday to discuss how to interpret President Trump's executive order, according to White House officials.
The agencies and the White House are not yet on the same page about how the order and the "zero-tolerance" policy align in terms of who is referred for prosecution. The President himself hasn't participated in all of the sessions, the officials said.
What Trump's order does
The executive order asks that families be housed together "where appropriate and consistent with law and available resources." Trump's seeks more authority to detain families together until the end of their immigration proceedings.
What it doesn't do
So far, the administration has not provided details on how it plans to unite the at least 2,300 children separated from their families. The executive order does not address the uniting of families already separated -- and existing policies place the onus on parents to find their children in Department of Health and Human Services custody and seek to reunite with them.
A senior Republican congressional aide confirmed the confusion over President Trump's executive order is shared by members of Congress, including its leadership.
When asked whether the administration had a plan for reuniting children separated at the border with their parents, the aide said, "I'm not sure what the plan is there."
The executive order the President signed kept in place the "zero-tolerance" prosecution policy that resulted in families caught crossing illegally at the border being separated because the adults are charged with a crime, but it said that the administration would aim to keep families together during that process going forward.
But that left a number of questions unanswered, not the least of which was what would happen to the more than 2,300 children now in government shelters all over the country who had been separated from their parents since the policy went into effect in April and whether those families would be reunited.
Several people interrupted Republican Sen. Marco Rubio as he addressed reporters on Friday after touring a temporary shelter for unaccompanied migrant children in Florida.
The people, who were not seen on camera, called the Florida lawmaker an opportunist in both English and Spanish.
One person said in Spanish: “You’re an opportunist. You have the same vision as the President. They see us like animals.”
Rubio told reporters that he was not allowed to speak to the children in the Homestead Temporary Shelter for Unaccompanied Children, but that workers were doing the best given the circumstances.
He also said he believes families should be detained together, although he doesn’t think the United States has the capacity to allow that and doesn’t want to incentivize others to take what he called a “dangerous journey."
Eileen Blessinger, a pro bono attorney for immigrants, said that it will take about a month to reunite children who have been separated from their parents at the border.
Her understanding is that there is no process yet and they are still trying to figure out a procedure for the reunification of families. Blessinger says she was told by a senior US Immigration and Customs Enforcement official that it might take a month for that reunification to happen.
She says she’s working with several parents who claim they have not spoken to their children in weeks, including:
- One woman said she came with her three children and a niece and has not yet been in contact with any of them since they arrived June 7. One of her children has special needs and no one has been told of about her daughters needs or asked her about them.
- A father has made eight requests to talk to his children and locate them but has not been successful, Blessinger said.
- Out of the eleven men she has spoken with, Blessinger says only two have been in contact with their families.
California Sen. Kamala Harris just toured a detention facility in San Diego, and said her "heart is broken."
Harris, speaking to a crowd outside the Otay Mesa Detention Center, said she sat down and talked to migrant mothers who were separated from their children. The mothers, she said, "think that they are alone."
"These mothers have given testimony, if you will, have given the stories, have shared their stories ... of a human rights abuse being committed by the United States government," the Democratic lawmaker said Friday.
"And we are so much better than this and what we have got to do is fight against this. This contrary to all the principles that we hold dear and that give us a sense of who we are when we are proud to be Americans. But we have no reason to be proud of this."
Harris, a career prosecutor, blasted the Trump administration's "zero-tolerance" policy and the President's executive order.
She said there is no doubt these mothers are being held in prisons, not detention facilities. Harris said they are being held in cells. She said they are paid $1 dollar a day for work, and must pay for phones calls, which cost 85 cents a minute.
"A society will be judged on based how it treats its children and the least among us," Harris said. "We will be judged harshly for this."
She urged demonstrators to stand up, march and fight for the thousands of migrant children.
"The government should be in the business of keeping families together, not tearing them apart," Harris said.