Vietnam already has a worldwide reputation for its food, beaches, ancient history and diverse landscapes. And, over the past decade, it’s also emerged as one of the world’s leading destinations for caving.
Quang Binh province in central Vietnam is particularly famous, thanks to the UNESCO-protected Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park – also known as the Kingdom of Caves. Last year alone, the region welcomed more than 3.9 million visitors, representing an 18.2% uptick compared with the year prior.
“Vietnam has some of the best caves in this world. The temperatures are pleasant all year, the jungle scenery is beautiful, there are stunning formations… It’s all untouched and pristine – nothing’s been damaged,” Howard Limbert, technical advisor at the Quang Binh-based Oxalis adventure tour company, tells CNN Travel.
“My team [the British Cave Research Association] has explored more than 500 caves in Vietnam. But we’ve still only explored about 30% of this area. There are many, many more caves to be discovered.”
For those keen to explore Vietnam’s most mesmerizing underground worlds, here are a few worthy adventures to consider:
Son Doong and Hang En
Said to be the largest cave in the world, Son Doong currently stretches across 38.5 million cubic meters (about 1.35 billion cubic feet) – so big, it even has its own jungle inside.
Following a recent discovery of an underwater tunnel that connects Son Doong with neighboring Hang Thung cave, it could be an additional 1.6 million cubic meters larger than previously thought.
Oxalis, in partnership with the British Cave Research Association, has exclusive access to the cave, bringing small groups of six to 10 people on four-day treks during dry season from January to August every year.
On the first day, travelers hike through the jungle for about an hour before stopping for lunch in the village of Ban Doong.
After a few more hours of trekking, the group sets up camp inside Hang En Cave (the third largest in Vietnam) where you can swim in underground rivers and refuel with Vietnamese cuisine.
The next day, hikers continue the journey to reach remote Son Doong Cave where they’ll don safety harnesses then use ropes to descend down an 80-meter-tall rock wall.
Once inside, travelers spend the next two days exploring the immense cave’s ancient fossils, underground jungle, stalagmites and underground rivers.
The journey culminates in an epic scramble up the “Great Wall of Vietnam” – an 80-meter-tall rock wall that requires a mix of scrambling and climbing of ropes and ladders.
“This is definitely not just a stroll. There are lots of river crossings, superb jungles, mountains and cliffs all around, plus lots of wildlife … like birds and monkeys that are endemic to this area,” says Limbert. “A lot of people find the scenery as spectacular as the cave itself.”
Hang Va and Nuoc Nut
A two-in-one combo, Oxalis also offers two-day tours of Hang Va and Nuoc Nut caves.
On the first day, you’ll take a two-kilometer trek to Nuoc Nut cave, where an incredible underwater river awaits inside.
A 100-meter swim through the river passage connects you to the entrance of Hang Va cave, where travelers camp for the night.
While more accessible than Son Doong, the cave expedition is still an adventure with lots of opportunities to hike through thick jungle foliage, climb over rocks, traverse subterranean rivers and admire surreal stalactites and stalagmites.
Hang Va, in particular, is known for its extraordinary stalagmite field.
“It has more than 100 rare calcite rock formations called tower cones,” says Limbert. “They’re essentially stalagmites that formed underwater – and they’re incredibly rare!”
Tu Lan Cave System
Comprising more than 10 caves in Quang Binh province, the Tu Lan Cave System has skyrocketed in popularity since starring in 2017 blockbuster “Kong: Skull Island.”
“A lot of people come because of the movie, but they find that the scenery is even more beautiful than they imagined,” says Limbert.
“All the campsites are near lakes or waterfalls, so it’s brilliant for swimming in the warm weather. On our Tu Lan tours, you go through one cave entrance, exit into another part of the jungle then back into another cave.”
Oxalis provides one- to four-day tours through the region for flexibility and limits visitors to keep the region pristine.
“In this area, we keep it really controlled and you rarely see other people. You’ll have a cave to yourself,” says Limbert.
Within Tu Lan, one of the most popular excursions is the two-day tour through Hang Tien (or the Cave of Fairies) – named after enchanting rock formations, which look like terraced rice paddies, and magical swirling patterns that appear on the limestone walls.
Crossing through two caves (Hang Tien 1 and Hang Tien 2), the tour takes travelers on a jungle trek before dipping into the enormous, dry caves which are a combined 5.5 kilometers long and 100 meters tall at their peak.
“These caves are drier than many of the other caves in the area, s