We've wrapped up our live coverage of King Charles' coronation. You can read more about the ceremony here, or scroll through the updates below to relive the day as it happened.
The coronation ceremony was the hottest ticket in town, with scores of foreign dignitaries, British officials, celebrities and faith leaders gathered in the Westminster Abbey.
Still, the congregation, while including some 2,300 people, was much smaller than it was in 1953 when temporary structures had to be erected within the abbey to accommodate the more than 8,000 people who attended.
Here's who was there:
- The guest list was a Who’s Who of British public life and politics: Prime Minister Rishi Sunak was there, as were all of his living predecessors: Liz Truss, Boris Johnson, Theresa May, David Cameron, Gordon Brown, Tony Blair and John Major.
- Mayor of London Sadiq Khan, UK opposition leader Keir Starmer, Chancellor of the Exchequer Jeremy Hunt and numerous other ministers and politicians were also in attendance.
- As expected, the British royal royal family put on a strong showing. All of the King's siblings were there, as were his sons Prince William and Prince Harry. William was accompanied by Catherine, Princess of Wales, along with their children – George, Charlotte and Louis. Numerous other members of the family sat in the front rows at the abbey, witnessing the ceremony first hand.
- About 100 heads of states from around the world traveled to London for the occasion. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, European Commission President Ursula Von der Leyen and European Council President Charles Michel all attended the service, as did French President Emmanuel Macron.
- Dozens of members of foreign royal families also came. Spain’s King Felipe and Queen Letizia and King Philippe and Queen Mathilde of Belgium, as well as Prince Albert II and Princess Charlene of Monaco, the King and Queen of Jordan, Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein and Rania Al Abdullah and Japan's Crown Prince Akishino and Crown Princess Kiko of Japan.
- Many celebrities also made an appearance, including US singers Lionel Richie and Katy Perry, Australian musician Nick Cave, actresses Emma Thompson, Maggie Smith, Joanna Lumley and Judi Dench, composer Andrew Lloyd Webber and broadcaster Stephen Fry.
The list was impressive, but there were also some notable absences:
- US President Joe Biden did not travel to London. Instead US first lady Jill Biden led the American delegation.
- Biden sat next to Ukrainian first lady Olena Zelenska. Her husband, Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelensky, was not attending.
- While Prince Harry, the King's younger son, travelled to the UK from the US, his wife Meghan, the Duchess of Sussex, stayed home with their two young children.
- The leaders of Russia, Belarus, Iran, Myanmar, Syria, Afghanistan and Venezuela were not in attendance because they were not invited, according to Reuters.
London's Metropolitan Police Service arrested three people in the Soho area Saturday on “suspicion of conspiracy to commit public nuisance,” which included the use and throwing of rape alarms, according to a police statement.
“There was particular concern from military colleagues that this would scare their horses involved in the procession and, as a result, cause significant risk to the safety of the public and the riders,” the statement reads.
Those arrested included a 37-year-old woman, a 59-year-old woman and a 47-year-old man, who was also arrested "on suspicion of handling stolen goods," police said. The three were taken to a police station in south London and were questioned, the statement added.
“The intelligence we received led us to be extremely worried about the potential risk to public safety," Deputy Assistant Commissioner Ade Adelekan said. "We are aware of and understand there is public concern over these arrests. However, the matter is still under investigation."
The statement went on to say that all three have been “released on bail pending further enquiries.”
Some background: The Metropolitan Police force has faced scrutiny for its "robust" approach toward demonstrators at the historic event, and today's arrests come amid growing concern over the increase in law enforcement's power to stifle dissent in Britain, following the recent introduction of controversial pieces of legislation.
In the London of 1953 — the year of Britain's last coronation, for Queen Elizabeth II — archival CNN footage shows a country that was smaller, almost entirely White, Christian and full of post-war joie de vivre.
Cut to present day, and King Charles' coronation took place Saturday with both a United Kingdom and greater Commonwealth that looks entirely different from when his mother ascended the throne.
CNN's Bianca Nobilo took a trip around London before the ceremony to consider the relevance of the monarchy today.
Watch her report below:
Anti-monarchy protest group Republic said its members are still being held at a London police station.
"The team continue to be held at Walworth police station," the group said in an update on Twitter. "They’ve been held for around 11 hours so far."
Earlier Saturday, Republic told CNN that London police arrested the organizers of Saturday’s anti-monarchy protest without providing any reason.
At around 7 a.m. local time, police stopped six Republic organizers and told them they were detaining and searching, Republic Director Harry Stratton told a CNN producer at the protest.
According to London's Metropolitan Police Service, more than 50 arrests have been made on Saturday.
Britain’s pubs, restaurants and retailers are having a day of roaring trade from the celebrations marking the coronation of King Charles III. But the United Kingdom's economy as a whole could actually suffer as workers take an extra day’s holiday Monday.
The initial boost: The historic event is expected give an instant lift to sentiment and spending in an economy beset by strikes, stubbornly high inflation and falling living standards. UK gross domestic product is expected to shrink by 0.3% this year, logging the worst performance of any major developed economy, according to the International Monetary Fund.
Last year, grocery sales through the week to June 5 — the period that included celebrations for the late Queen Elizabeth’s Platinum Jubilee — were £87 million ($108.7 million) higher compared with the average week in 2022, according to Kantar data.
As in June, UK retailers have come up with a vast array of mementos to mark Britain’s first coronation in 70 years — from commemorative biscuit tins, teddy bears and tote bags to candles, cushions and teacups.
The royal occasion will also deliver a crucial boost to the UK hospitality sector, which had barely recovered from the Covid-19 pandemic when it was hit by soaring food and energy costs.
The economic downside: But the loss of output caused by the extra public holiday on Monday, May 8, will diminish the overall benefit to the economy. (The coronation holiday will be the third holiday Monday this month.)
When UK GDP shrank by 0.6% in September 2022, the Office for National Statistics said the drop was partly explained by the extra bank holiday for the Queen’s state funeral that month, as some businesses closed or adjusted their operations that day.
You can read CNN Business’ full analysis here.
A historic gospel choir performance, a scaled-back flypast and a controversial invitation for public participation: Saturday’s coronation of King Charles III was filled with notable moments.
If you’re just now catching up, here are other highlights from the once-in-a-generation royal event:
The procession: The rainy day kicked off when King Charles III and Queen Camilla travelled from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Abbey. In a slight deviation from tradition, the couple rode in the Diamond Jubilee State Coach drawn by six Windsor Grey horses. They were accompanied on the 1.3-mile route by the sovereign’s most trusted bodyguards, the Household Cavalry, and were greeted by cheering and waving crowds.
The service: The intricate service lasted just over two hours – about an hour shorter than Elizabeth II’s coronation in 1953 – and followed a traditional template. However, it has been modernized in certain key ways: The archbishop acknowledged the multiple faiths observed in the UK during the ceremony. And when the King took the Coronation Oath, he became the first monarch to pray aloud at his coronation.
The King was then anointed with holy oil by the Archbishop of Canterbury. He was also presented with coronation regalia.
Then, for the first time in coronation history, the archbishop invited the British public and those from “other Realms” to recite a pledge of allegiance to the newly crowned monarch and his “heirs and successors.” (When those plans were unveiled, it caused some controversy around the country — and the Church of England changed the wording of its invitation following the response.)
The ceremony also included a reading from the Bible by UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and, in another coronation first, gospel music.
The flypast: The Royal Air Force's famous Red Arrows flew over a rainy Buckingham Palace, ending a brief and slimmed down display. The national anthem was played, and Charles and Camilla gave a few waves from Buckingham Palace to the crowd before going inside, then making a balcony encore.
The guests: The coronation ceremony was the hottest ticket in town, with scores of foreign dignitaries, British officials, celebrities and faith leaders gathered in the Westminster Abbey. Still, the congregation, while including some 2,300 people, was much smaller than it was in 1953 when temporary structures had to be erected within the abbey to accommodate the more than 8,000 people who attended.
Celebrations: On Sunday, thousands of events and street parties are expected to take place across the country as part of the “Coronation Big Lunch.” And on Sunday evening, Lionel Richie, Katy Perry and Take That will headline the “Coronation Concert” at Windsor Castle. Britons will then enjoy an extra day off on Monday.
Protests: Police said they arrested more than 50 people during the coronation, after controversially promising a "robust" approach to protesters. Nonprofit Human Rights Watch said the arrests were "something you would expect to see in Moscow not London."
Watch a 3-minute recap of the day's festivities here:
London's Metropolitan Police Service said it made dozens of arrests during King Charles III's coronation.
"A total of 52 arrests have been made today for offences including affray, public order offences, breach of the peace and conspiracy to cause a public nuisance. All of these people remain in custody," police said in a press release.
"We continue to engage with organisers of a static demonstration taking place in Trafalgar Square, close to the junction with Whitehall," it added.
Earlier on Saturday, several anti-monarchy protesters were arrested in central London ahead of the coronation of King Charles III on Saturday, the group said.
The Metropolitan Police force has faced scrutiny for its "robust" approach toward demonstrators at the historic event, and today's arrests come amid growing concern over the increase in law enforcement's power to stifle dissent in Britain, following the recent introduction of controversial pieces of legislation.
Nonprofit Human Rights Watch said the coronation arrests were "something you would expect to see in Moscow not London," according to a statement obtained by the UK's PA Media news agency.
"We absolutely understand public concern following the arrests," Cmdr. Karen Findlay said in a police news release.
"Our duty is to do so in a proportionate manner in line with relevant legislation. We also have a duty to intervene when protest becomes criminal and may cause serious disruption," Findlay said, adding that "the Coronation is a once in a generation event and that is a key consideration in our assessment."
Here's what protesters had to say about the monarchy:
CNN's Christian Edwards, Lindsay Isaac, Niamh Kennedy and Allegra Goodwin contributed reporting to this post.
Much has been made of the departures from tradition for the coronation of King Charles III — and this extended to the guest's dress codes. Gone were the requests for attendees to wear grand robes or ceremonial attire in favor of a more relaxed, pared-down look.
US first lady Jill Biden wore a periwinkle blue Ralph Lauren skirt suit, accessorized with a coordinating hair bow. She was accompanied by her granddaughter, Finnegan Biden, in a chic pale yellow cape dress by Markarian — in what could be seen as a sartorial nod to show solidarity with Ukraine. Inside the Abbey, the pair was seated next to Ukrainian first lady Olena Zelenska in an icy blue dress and coat pairing.
French luxury fashion house Dior said on Twitter that it was "honored to have dressed Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, for the coronation of King Charles III in a custom design by Kim Jones."
Elsewhere, Australian musician Nick Cave looked chic in a classic three-piece black suit and Gucci horsebit loafers. Katy Perry (scheduled to headline the coronation concert in Windsor on Sunday) opted for a pink skirt suit and pearl choker by Vivienne Westwood — the late British designer who died in December 2022.
The distinctive necklace design may also be a nod to Queen Camilla's own fashion legacy. Camilla has numerous three-strand pearl pieces, including the aquamarine piece she has worn consistently since the 1990s.
Across the event, international royalty used the moment to celebrate their country's traditional garments. Crown Prince Akishino and Princess Kiko of Japan appeared in a morning suit and muted patterned silk kimono with an obi belt, respectively.
The theme of traditional dress was continued by King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and Queen Jetsun Pema of Bhutan. King Jigme Khesar wore a Bhutanese Gho, while Queen Jetsun Pema wore a lilac-colored kira — a customary wrap dress typical in Bhutan.
See more looks here.