Derek Chauvin is on trial for George Floyd's death

By Melissa Macaya, Mike Hayes, Melissa Mahtani and Veronica Rocha, CNN

Updated 0300 GMT (1100 HKT) April 6, 2021
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1:33 p.m. ET, April 5, 2021

Here's what paramedics say happened at the scene when they arrived and treated Floyd

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Dr. Bradford Wankhede Langenfeld, an emergency physician at Hennepin County Medical Center who provided treatment to George Floyd, said the paramedics who brought Floyd to the hospital gave him a report detailing what happened on the scene.

The report said emergency responders were originally called for a "lower type of acute event of facial trauma" but then that was upgraded to a call for an "individual in distress," according to Langenfeld.

He said the report noted Floyd did not have a pulse when paramedics arrived and they started CPR.

They also inserted a tube down Floyd's throat to ventilate his lungs. Paramedics also gave Floyd medication to try to resuscitate him as they continued CPR, according to the report.

Langenfeld testified that the paramedics indicated in the report that they tried to resuscitate Floyd for "approximately 30 minutes."

The doctor noted that paramedics did not say in the report whether they thought Floyd overdosed or had a heart attack.

He said the report also did not say that Floyd received CPR from any bystanders or any of the police officers.

"I did not receive a report that Mr. Floyd had received standard CPR, no," Langenfeld testified when asked by the prosecuting attorney whether he received any information or indication from the paramedics when they brought Floyd in that anyone had attempted CPR on him at the scene.

Watch:

12:14 p.m. ET, April 5, 2021

Hospital doctor who officially pronounced George Floyd dead is now testifying

From CNN’s Aaron Cooper in Minneapolis

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The sixth day of testimony in the trial of former Minneapolis Police officer Derek Chauvin is underway. This week's first witness is Dr. Bradford Wankhede Langenfeld. He is an Emergency Medicine physician at Hennepin County Medical Center.

Dr. Langenfeld provided emergency care to George Floyd after he was taken to the hospital on the evening of May 25, 2020.

He is the physician that pronounced Floyd dead.

Dr. Langenfeld is the 20th prosecution witnesses called so far in the trial.

Earlier Monday, Judge Peter Cahill spoke to jurors outside of the view of cameras about an allegation of juror misconduct. He ruled there was not been any misconduct and the jurors were credible.

Watch:

10:28 a.m. ET, April 5, 2021

NOW: Court is in session for the 6th day of testimony in the Derek Chauvin trial

From CNN's Eric Levenson and Aaron Cooper

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The sixth day of testimony in the trial of former Minneapolis Police officer Derek Chauvin just started. We're expecting to hear from more witnesses today.

Prosecutors are set to shift their focus in the second week of the trial from what happened to George Floyd last May to a closer analysis of what it means legally.

The first week of the trial was marked by compelling and potentially devastating testimony. The police department's most senior officer called Chauvin's actions on the day of Floyd's death "totally unnecessary." The trial also centered on a blow-by-blow breakdown of Floyd's last day, including video from a bevy of cellphones, surveillance cameras and police body cameras.

More on the case: Chauvin put his knee on Floyd’s neck on May 25, 2020 as Floyd told Chauvin and three other officers that he could not breathe. 

He has pleaded not guilty to second-degree unintentional murder, third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter charges.

10:07 a.m. ET, April 5, 2021

Prosecutors are expected to focus on what Chauvin’s actions mean legally

From CNN's Eric Levenson and Aaron Cooper

Prosecutors in the second week of Derek Chauvin's trial are set to shift their focus from what happened to George Floyd last May to a closer analysis of what it means legally.

The first week of the trial in Minneapolis centered on a blow-by-blow breakdown of Floyd's last day, including video from a bevy of cellphones, surveillance cameras and police body cameras; harrowing testimony from bystanders who watched Chauvin kneel on Floyd; descriptions from paramedics and police supervisors who responded to the scene; and Chauvin's own statements about what happened.

With that groundwork established, the prosecution is expected to now focus on proving Chauvin's actions that day should be considered murder and manslaughter.

That will require analysis from medical experts who will explain Floyd's cause of death as well as testimony from police experts who will say that Chauvin used excessive and unnecessary force.

In particular, prosecuting attorney Jerry Blackwell said in opening statements to expect testimony from Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo, the Hennepin County medical examiner and a number of forensic pathologists.

Some of that use of force analysis has already entered the trial. On Thursday, Chauvin's direct supervisor said his use of force should have ended earlier.

"When Mr. Floyd was no longer offering up any resistance to the officers, they could have ended the restraint," Sgt. David Pleoger said. "It would be reasonable to put a knee on someone's neck until they were not resisting anymore, but it should stop when they are no longer combative."

And on Friday, the Minneapolis Police Department's top homicide detective testified that kneeling on Floyd's neck after he had been handcuffed was "totally unnecessary," saying that "if your knee is on someone's neck -- that could kill them."

Chauvin, 45, has pleaded not guilty to second-degree murder, third-degree murder and third-degree manslaughter.

Defense attorney Eric Nelson has argued that Floyd died of a drug overdose and other preexisting health issues, and he has argued that Chauvin's actions were within his police training. Nelson has not indicated whether Chauvin will testify in his own defense.

You can read more about what happened last week in the trial here.

9:49 a.m. ET, April 5, 2021

The Chauvin trial resumes today. Here's what happened at the trial last week.

It is day 6 of testimony at the Derek Chauvin trial. We're expecting the prosecution to call more witnesses. Here's a recap of what's happened so far at the trial:

  • Day 1: Trial proceedings started with opening statements from the prosecution and defense. Prosecutors revealed that Chauvin was on Floyd's neck for 9 minutes and 29 seconds — an update on the initially reported 8 minutes and 46 seconds. After opening statements, jurors heard from three witnesses, including a 911 dispatcher, an employee from a nearby gas station and a professional mixed martial arts fighter who stumbled upon the scene.
  • Day 2: Six bystanders testified on the second day of Chauvin's criminal trial: a 9-year-old girl, three high school students, a mixed martial arts fighter and a Minneapolis firefighter. They described their feelings of horror and fear as they watched Floyd slowly die under Chauvin's knee.
  • Day 3: The third day of Chauvin's trial featured testimony from several bystanders who interacted with Floyd as well as graphic excerpts of police body camera footage showing his arrest and final moments. In the videos, Floyd gasps that he's claustrophobic, repeatedly says he can't breathe and calls for his mother.
  • Day 4: Floyd's girlfriend spoke about Floyd's struggles with opioid addiction, and several first responders said that Floyd appeared dead when they arrived on the scene. A former police shift supervisor testified that Chauvin's use of force should have ended earlier. The jury also heard Chauvin explain his version of what happened in a call captured on body-camera footage.
  • Day 5: Two high-ranking Minneapolis police officers testified on Friday. Lt. Richard Zimmerman, who leads the Minneapolis Police's homicide unit, told the court that the use of force by Chauvin against Floyd was “totally unnecessary.” Zimmerman said the restraint should have “absolutely” stopped once Floyd was handcuffed and on the ground. Sgt. Jon Curtis Edwards described how he secured the crime scene and made contact with J. Alexander Kueng and Thomas Lane, who were the only two officers there. Edwards said he had his body camera activated when he arrived, but neither officer had their body camera on when he met them.

8:53 a.m. ET, April 5, 2021

Floyd should have been treated with greater care if he was suspected to be on opioids, attorney says

From CNN's Aditi Sangal

As Derek Chauvin’s trial enters its second week, George Floyd’s family attorney Chris Stewart criticized the defense for trying to target Floyd’s opioid addiction.

“If [Chauvin’s defense team is] saying that they suspected George Floyd of being on opioids, or whatever it may be, which is a health crisis, they should have treated him with greater care,” he told CNN. “That's where you know you can't hold somebody down for an extended period of time, you can't choke somebody out … because they're already dealing with something in their system.”

Many police officers, including Chauvin's former supervisor Sgt. David Pleoger, gave testimonies that spoke against Chauvin’s actions.

“For once, in a trial we're hearing officers stand up for themselves and say what he did was wrong. Normally you don't hear from officers,” Stewart said Monday.

“We didn't have officers stepping forward like we do now, which is something to be proud of for them. They're acknowledging this should not have happened, which is all that the community wants. All the nation wants is for officers to step forward, be honest about it and say, ‘look, this is not how policing should be done," he continued.

Watch the interview:

8:26 a.m. ET, April 5, 2021

Minneapolis police training does not allow for actions used on Floyd, lieutenant says

From CNN's Aaron Cooper in Minneapolis

The most senior officer on the Minneapolis police department testified last Thursday that actions like those used on George Floyd are not part of police department training, saying “if your knee is on a person’s neck, that could kill them.”

Lt. Richard Zimmerman, who supervises the Minneapolis Police Department homicide unit, testified that actions like those used on Floyd are not part of police department training. 

Former Minneapolis Police officer Derek Chauvin put his knee on Floyd’s neck while he lay handcuffed outside of Cup Foods as Floyd told Chauvin and three other officers that he could not breathe. 

Zimmerman is the longest serving officer in the department, he told prosecutor Matthew Frank, and has been trained every year in the use of force. 

He said he has never been trained by the Minneapolis Police Department to kneel on the back of a suspect.

“That would be the top tier, the deadly force,” Zimmerman told prosecutor Matthew Frank.

There is a continuum of force that officers can use depending on the situation, that ranges from simply being on scene, to verbal skills, a “soft” technique like escorting a person by their arm, or hard techniques like handcuffs, all the way up to deadly force. 

Once a person is in custody, their safety and well-being are the officers’ responsibility. 

“Once you secure a person you need to get them out of the prone position as soon as possible because it restricts their breathing,” Zimmerman told the court. “Once a person is cuffed, you need to turn them on their side or have them sit up.”

Suspects are a much smaller threat to officers after they are in handcuffs. 

“Once a person is cuffed, the threat level goes down all the way. They are cuffed, how can they really hurt you,” he said. “You getting injured is way down. You could have some guy try to kick you or something, but you can move out of the way. That person is handcuffed, you know, so the threat level is just not there.”

When someone stops resisting, officers should work to calm them down. 

“If they become less combative, you may just have them sit down on a curb. The idea is to calm the person down and if they are not a threat to you at that point, you try to help them so that they are not as upset as they may have been in the beginning,” Zimmerman testified.

On the night Floyd died, Zimmerman arrived at the corner where Cup Foods is located around 10 p.m. local time and walked up to officers J. Alexander Kueng and Thomas Lane, body camera video showed. 

Zimmerman determined they were “involved officers” and needed to go to city hall to be interviewed, he said. 

Other officers were needed at the scene, so he testified he called in an on-call homicide team.

The state Bureau of Criminal Apprehension (BCA) took over the case when the hospital determined Floyd had died, Zimmerman explained to the court. 

8:14 a.m. ET, April 5, 2021

Here's what you need to know about the jury in Derek Chauvin's trial

From CNN's Eric Levenson and Aaron Cooper

The jury in Derek Chauvin's trial has heard from multiple witnesses so far, and they've been shown bystander and police footage of George Floyd's final moments. 

If convicted, Chauvin could face up to 40 years in prison for second-degree murder, up to 25 years for third-degree murder, and up to 10 years for second-degree manslaughter. The charges are to be considered separate, so Chauvin could be convicted of all, some or none of them.

While the jurors are unnamed and unseen on camera, we do know basic details about them.

Here's what we know about the jury:

  • Five men and nine women were chosen to serve on the jury during the trial in Minneapolis. 
  • Of the 14 jurors, eight are White, four are Black and two are mixed race, according to how the court says the jurors identified themselves.
  • The jury selection process began March 9 at the Hennepin County Government Center and wrapped up exactly two weeks later. 
  • The panel is made up of 12 jurors and two alternates, Judge Peter Cahill said.
  • The jurors all come from Hennepin County, which is demographically about 74% White and 14% Black, according to census data.
  • The prospective jurors previously completed a 16-page questionnaire that asked for their personal thoughts on Black Lives Matter, policing and other topics.
  • In court, each person was sworn in and then questioned one-by-one in a process known as voir dire. The juror's name, address and other information are kept anonymous.
  • Eric Nelson questioned the prospective jurors for the defense, while Steve Schleicher questioned them for the prosecution.

Read more about about the jury here.