This weekend marked the most air travel since the coronavirus pandemic caused the industry to bottom out this spring.
More than 400,000 people were screened by the Transportation Security Administration on two days – both Friday and Sunday, the agency said. It is the first time that has happened in nearly 11 weeks.
But those numbers are still significantly smaller than normal. The 441,000 travelers on Sunday was only 17% of the same Sunday in 2019, according to TSA figures.
American Airlines said this was its busiest weekend since early March, and Sunday was the busiest day since March.
More travelers means more people are on each flight. Airlines for America, which represents the major airlines, says the average domestic flight departs with 54 passengers onboard – up from fewer than 20 at the low point.
9:43 a.m. ET, June 8, 2020
US stocks climb further
From CNN’s Anneken Tappe
Momentum for the US stock market isn’t letting up. Stocks kicked off higher on Monday, adding onto their rally from last week.
Here's what happened at this week's opening:
The Nasdaq Composite is on track for a new closing record, if it exceeds it February 19 close. The index opened up 0.1%.
The Dow opened 0.5%, or 144 points, higher.
The S&P 500 rose 0.2%.
12:51 p.m. ET, June 8, 2020
New York's MTA can't guarantee social distancing during rush hour
From CNN’s Ganesh Setty
As New York City enters phase one of reopening today, Metropolitan Transportation Authority Chair Patrick Foye said the authority can’t guarantee social distancing during rush-hour trains.
“We are not promising social distance on rush-hour trains. We’re being candid with our customers. But we’re also being candid by telling — we’re disinfecting every subway car, bus, and commuter rail at every nigh," he said in a radio interview with WCBS 880.
Beginning today, the MTA will distribute two millions masks contributed by New York City and State.
“We ask our riders to follow all public health guidance, including washing hands, not touching faces and coughing into elbows. Although service is returning to pre-pandemic levels, public transit is still for essential and Phase 1 workers,” the MTA said in a statement Sunday afternoon.
During the radio interview with WCBS 880, Foye said a survey last week showed that 92% of commuters surveyed were wearing masks.
9:13 a.m. ET, June 8, 2020
BP to cut 10,000 jobs due to coronavirus impact on oil demand
From CNN's Chris Liakos in Paris
Oil giant BP will cut almost 15% of its workforce globally as it looks to reduce costs as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, Chief Executive Bernard Looney told staff in an email Monday obtained by CNN.
BP said it will cut 10,000 jobs, mostly by the end of 2020, with the majority of people affected in office-based roles rather than frontline operational ones.
“These are tough decisions to make. But the impact – particularly on those leaving us – is much, much tougher. I understand this and I am sorry. But we must do the right thing for BP and this is that right thing,” Looney said in his email to employees.
BP also said its senior staff will not receive a pay rise through March 31, 2021, and that annual cash bonuses would be “very unlikely” for anyone this year.
Looney admitted that the Covid-19 pandemic has caused a widespread economic fallout affecting both BP and the wider industry.
“The oil price has plunged well below the level we need to turn a profit. We are spending much, much more than we make – I am talking millions of dollars, every day. And as a result, our net debt rose by $6 billion in the first quarter,” Looney said.
10:16 a.m. ET, June 8, 2020
New York City starts reopening today. Here's what that means.
After a 78-day lockdown, New York City enters phase one of reopening today, with some nonessential workers allowed to go back to work and retail stores allowed to reopen for pickup.
"This is a triumphant moment for New Yorkers who fought back against the disease," Mayor Bill de Blasio said today on CNN.
The mayor said there’s a sense of discipline and service in the city — a sense of "we’re all in it together and we have to get it right."
Here are the industries opening in phase one:
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
Retail (Limited to curbside or in-store pickup or drop off)
So what's not opening? Hair salons, offices and indoor seating at bars and restaurants remain off-limits until the next reopening phase. And Broadway shows, museums and large cultural gatherings are still far off.
The 78-day lockdown represents the longest in the country and comes weeks after other parts of the state hit the necessary criteria to reopen.
9:12 a.m. ET, June 8, 2020
Russia takes first steps to reopen borders
From CNN's Mary Ilyushina in Moscow
Russia is partially reopening its borders for several kinds of trips, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin announced in a Monday meeting with the country's coronavirus response council.
Russians will be able to travel abroad to care for relatives, undergo medical treatment, to work or study. Foreigners will also be able to enter Russia for medical purposes, Mishustin said, adding that corresponding government decrees have already been signed.
Moscow is also lifting quarantine restrictions starting Tuesday, Moscow mayor Sergey Sobyanin said in a statement published Monday. The restrictions will be lifted in three stages and the city is expected to return to normal by the end of the month, the mayor added.
Starting Tuesday, Moscow will lift its self-isolation regime, as well as measures meant to ensure it: QR-codes for trips around the city and scheduled walks. Barber shops, beauty salons and veterinary clinics will be allowed to reopen, the statement said. Moscow residents will also be able to visit cemeteries.
In a week's time - starting on June 16 - Moscow will reopen its museums, zoos, libraries, transport rentals and other agencies. Cafes and restaurants with summer terraces will be allowed to resume services as well.
The third and final stage involves reopening all cafes, bars, gyms, pools as well as most other public spaces and is scheduled for June 23.
The numbers: Russia has officially reported 476,658 cases of coronavirus with 5,971 reported deaths and 230,688 recoveries.
As of Monday, Moscow has officially reported 2,001 new cases of coronavirus. Since the beginning of the pandemic, Moscow has reported over 197,000 cases in total.
9:12 a.m. ET, June 8, 2020
UK travel quarantine begins as other European countries reopen
From CNN's Ingrid Formanek, Al Goodman, Niahm Kennedy, Stephanie Halasz and Lindsay Isaac
The UK has imposed a mandatory 14-day quarantine on international passengers arriving in the country, beginning on Monday.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has been criticized for not implementing such a restriction at the beginning of the pandemic, with UK airlines jointly bringing legal action against the government.
There are some exceptions to the quarantine rules. Truck drivers, frontline healthcare workers and elite athletes coming for bio-secure soccer or cricket matches or F1's British Grand Prix in late July will all be exempt.
Everyone else will be required to fill out a form prior to arrival, providing the government with an address at which they plan to isolate for two weeks.
While £1,000 ($1,260) fines will be imposed on those who breach the conditions in the UK, only a fifth of travelers are expected to get spot checks.
Some conditions of the quarantine have further fueled questions over its likely effectiveness. Travelers arriving in the country will be able to go to their destination on public transport, and to leave their accommodation to shop for essentials.
Elsewhere in Europe: It comes as Spain enters the final phase of de-escalation in the Covid-19 crisis before the government’s plan for a "new normality" sets in. More than half of the country has advanced to Phase 3, with the rest in Phase 2, including Madrid and Barcelona.
Those in regions in Phase 3 can travel within their territories, exercise as much as they like outdoors, attend gatherings of up to 20 people and visit beaches with social distancing.
Restaurants, movie theaters and stores may open at 50% capacity and clubs and bars will be able to operate at a third of capacity, but dancing will not be allowed.
Bullfighting events, weddings and funerals will be allowed with limits on attendees.
No shared menus, napkin dispensers, or saltshakers will be permitted at bars and restaurants
Ireland today entered Phase Two of its roadmap to ease lockdown restrictions. On Friday, Irish Prime Minister (Taoiseach) Leo Varadkar announced an acceleration of the country’s roadmap based on "medical evidence" and "government reports."
Irish people may now move freely within their county. People living on the border of two counties may cross 20km over the border. Citizens may meet in groups of 6 people indoors and outdoors, while keeping to a social distance of 2 meters. All retail has reopened, with staggered opening hours and social distancing measures in place. Groups of up to 15 may attend sports training and up to 25 may attend funerals. Libraries have reopened. Playgrounds may reopen and outdoor summer camps for children in groups of 15 can take place. Working from home is encouraged where possible.
Phase Three is scheduled for June 29, when restaurants will reopen and all domestic travel restrictions lifted.
As of Monday, Denmark is allowing gatherings of up to 50 people, up from 10, Danish Health Ministry Press Officer Solveig Røigaard-Petersen told CNN.
According to the Danish Statens Serum Institut, a research institute to prevent and control infectious diseases, 11,940 people in Denmark have contracted coronavirus, with 589 dead in the country.
9:07 a.m. ET, June 8, 2020
US restrictions averted about 60 million coronavirus infections through early April, study says
From CNN's Jacqueline Howard
If large-scale shutdown policies — such as ordering people to stay home and closing schools — were not implemented after the coronavirus pandemic made its way to the United States, there would be roughly 60 million more coronavirus infections across the nation, a new modeling study suggests.
The study, published Monday in the scientific journal Nature, involved a modeling technique typically used for estimating economic growth to measure the effect of shutdown policies across six countries: China, South Korea, Italy, Iran, France and the United States.
Those estimates suggest that, without certain policies in place from the beginning of the pandemic in January through early April, there would be roughly:
285 million more total infections in China
38 million more total infections in South Korea
49 million more total infections in Italy
54 million more total infections in Iran
45 million more total infections in France
60 million more total infections in the United States
Overall, the study suggests that emergency Covid-19 policies prevented more than 500 million total coronavirus infections across all six countries.
The study period ended on April 6, but keeping shutdown orders in place after that time has likely led to even more coronavirus infections being avoided — even though maintaining such measures has been difficult, the study's lead author, Solomon Hsiang, a professor and director of the Global Policy Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, said in a press release on Monday.
"The last several months have been extraordinarily difficult, but through our individual sacrifices, people everywhere have each contributed to one of humanity’s greatest collective achievements," Hsiang said in the press release.
"I don’t think any human endeavor has ever saved so many lives in such a short period of time. There have been huge personal costs to staying home and canceling events, but the data show that each day made a profound difference," Hsiang added. "By using science and cooperating, we changed the course of history."
The study, conducted by researchers at UC Berkeley, included data across the six countries on daily infection rates, changes in coronavirus case definitions and the timing of 1,717 policy deployments — including travel restrictions, social distancing measures and stay-at-home lockdowns — from the earliest available dates this year through April 6.
The researchers analyzed that data to estimate how the daily growth rate of infections could have changed over time within a specific location if there were different combinations of large-scale policies enacted. The data showed that, excluding Iran, the growth rate of infections was around 38% per day on average before policies slowed the spread.
The researchers found that, across all six countries total, shutdown interventions prevented or delayed roughly 530 million total infections — which, based on testing procedures and how cases were defined, translates to about 62 million confirmed cases.
The researchers did not estimate how many deaths might have been prevented.
"Our analysis focuses on confirmed infections, but other outcomes, such as hospitalizations or deaths, are also of policy interest. Future work on these outcomes may require additional modeling approaches because they are relatively more context- and state-dependent," the researchers wrote in the study.
Remember: The study had some limitations, including that available data on infections and measures across the countries were limited and the study can only suggest estimations about what could have happened.
"Our empirical results indicate that large-scale anti-contagion policies are slowing the COVID-19 pandemic," the researchers wrote in the study. "Because infection rates in the countries we study would have initially followed rapid exponential growth had no policies been applied, our results suggest that these policies have provided large health benefits."
7:44 a.m. ET, June 8, 2020
AstraZeneca and Gilead reportedly talked about coronavirus mega merger
From CNN's Charles Riley
AstraZeneca has approached rival drugmaker Gilead about a potential merger, according to a Bloomberg report.
Neither company responded to requests for comment on Monday, but if the transaction were to take place, it would unite two of the leading players in the fight against coronavirus in the biggest health care deal on record.
AstraZeneca has secured production capacity to make 2 billion doses of a potential vaccine, while the experimental Gilead drug remdesivir has been approved by the US government to treat hospitalized patients with severe Covid-19.
Shares in AstraZeneca dropped by more than 2% in London -- even as the FTSE 100 index rose -- after Bloomberg reported that the UK-based company had made a preliminary approach last month to US firm Gilead. The two companies have a combined stock market value of nearly $140 billion.
What's behind the move? Bloomberg cautioned that AstraZeneca did not specify any financial terms for a deal. Its report also said that Gilead discussed the idea with advisers, but the companies were not in formal discussions.
Analysts said the rationale for the potential deal was not immediately obvious. According to UBS, AstraZeneca and its smaller rival have little in common when it comes to products and strategy. Still, Gilead does have something AstraZeneca does not — plenty of cash.