The head of vaccine effort is "optimistic" vaccines will be available for everybody within the year 2021
From CNN’s Elizabeth Cohen
The head of Operation Warp Speed said he’s “optimistic” there will be vaccines for all Americans by the end of next year, but hopefully even sooner.
“I am optimistic that we will have vaccines for everybody within the year 2021, ideally within the first half of the year 2021. That's our objective,” said Moncef Slaoui, chief adviser to the federal government’s multi-billion-dollar program to develop a Covid-19 vaccine.
In his first television interview since being appointed, Slaoui spoke with CNN Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen on Thursday while touring a vaccine clinical trial site in Savannah, Georgia.
Phase 3 clinical trials – the final step before government approval – are underway in the United States for two vaccines, one made by Moderna and another by Pfizer. Operation Warp Speed is also funding six other vaccine efforts, Slaoui said.
Slaoui said he expects to “probably have a few tens of millions of doses [of vaccine] in December and January” and those would go to high-risk individuals.
“We will not have doses for the full US population on day one,” he said.
High-risk individuals include the elderly and those with underlying health conditions such as hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
5:29 p.m. ET, July 30, 2020
There is no "cost-benefit ratio of letting people sit in bars" until there is a vaccine, Bill Gates says
From CNN's Naomi Thomas
Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, said schools should be opened up if infection rates get very low, but he can’t see a benefit to reopening bars and restaurants.
Speaking during a Time 100 Talk on Thursday, Gates said that it was a good thing that, in many of the initial hotspots, such as New York City, the numbers were down dramatically.
“If the numbers get very low,” he said, “then you can do opening up and things like schools – particularly for young children – should be opened up.”
For bars and restaurants, however, Gates said that until there is a vaccine, “sadly, I just can’t see the cost-benefit ratio of letting people sit in bars” due to the amount of transmission that has come out of them, from people talking loudly and being close to each other.
“We haven’t been as tasteful as we might like to be,” he said, and the country is now paying a price for some places that reopened despite an increase in Covid-19 cases.
Later this year: Autumn could be a challenge because people will be indoors more. Cold and flu symptoms could make things a bit more confusing, Gates said.
“So, if we can use the next few months to get the numbers down, that will make a huge difference in terms of the death going into the fall,” said Gates.
He described the fall as a mix where “the innovation track is the good news that could bring things down, and a lack of social distancing – you know – that one hangs in the balance.”
5:42 p.m. ET, July 30, 2020
Just 2 weeks of social distancing reduced coronavirus spread by 65% globally, study finds
From CNN's Maggie Fox
Just two weeks of social distancing policies cut the spread of coronavirus by 65% globally, preventing more than 1.5 million new cases, Texas researchers estimated Thursday.
The few states and countries that resisted social distancing saw almost no reduction in spread, the team at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center said.
“We found that states observed significant reductions in transmission rates following the implementation of social distancing policies, compared to states without such policies,” Daniel McGrail, a postdoctoral fellow studying systems biology, said in a statement. “In fact, two of the smallest reductions in spread were seen in states without social distancing policies.”
More details: The team set out to see what happened when states enacted social distancing or lockdown policies at the start of the coronavirus pandemic.
The team compared Nebraska and Idaho, two similar states. Idaho had a social distancing policy, while Nebraska did not.
South Dakota, whose governor also resisted a statewide policy, also saw little to no reduction in cases. Wyoming lacked a social distancing policy and the sparsely populated state came in fifteenth from the bottom out of 50 states in terms of reducing coronavirus spread.
But the study was lacking in data, the researchers said.
“While analysis of US states indicated that social distancing policies reduced Covid-19 spread rates proportional to associated reductions in mobility, only having three states without social distancing policies reduces the power of any observation,” they wrote. "To address this, we next expanded our model to the global level.”
They looked at data from 134 different countries.
"Globally, we find that social distancing policies significantly reduced the Covid-19 spread rate, with resulting in an estimated 65% reduction in new Covid-19 cases over a two week time period,” the researchers wrote.
In 46 countries, the policies had a strong effect, preventing an estimated 1.57 million cases of Covid-19 over a two-week period. That represents a 65% reduction in new cases, they said.
Social distancing is not necessarily the only way to reduce spread, they noted.
“For instance, South Korea has not enacted a social distancing program but instead utilized a powerful contact tracing approach to control the spread of Covid-19,” they wrote.
5:12 p.m. ET, July 30, 2020
Primary election in Milwaukee didn't result in an increase of Covid-19 cases, CDC report says
From CNN's Gisela Crespo
There wasn't a clear increase in Covid-19 cases, hospitalizations or deaths in Milwaukee after statewide primary elections in Wisconsin this spring, according to a US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report published Thursday.
Researchers studied data on Covid-19 cases in Milwaukee from March 13 to May 5 to determine if there was an increase in the virus stemming from Election Day on April 7. The findings appear in the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
As most people develop Covid-19 symptoms two to 14 days after exposure, the report looked at cases during the expected incubation period of April 9 to April 21.
What the report found:
Milwaukee reported at least 572 cases during that incubation period — or 21% of the total 2,789 total cases between March 13 and May 5. The rate of cases in the 13 days before this incubation period was 28%.
More than half of the at least 572 cases didn't report their voting status, and 38% said they did not vote. Only 37 patients, or 7%, reported voting.
Of the 37 patients who said they voted, nearly half reported voting using an absentee mail-in ballot, while 14 said they voted in person and six said they cast their ballot curbside.
Wisconsin was the first state to hold an election that included in-person voting after stay-at-home orders went into effect March 25 to slow the spread of the virus.
The report said these trends were likely influenced by a relatively lower turnout of voters compared to the same time in 2016.
Here were some of the voting trends:
The number of people who voted decreased by 43% and the number of polling sites decreased from 181 to five.
The percentage of people who voted by mail increased about 15 times, from 4.1% to 68%, and early voting increased by 160%.
The proportion of people who voted in-person on Election Day decreased by 78% –– from 91.2% to 19.8%.
The report says these findings show CDC's interim guidelines "encouraging physical distancing, personal prevention practices, and employing environmental cleaning and disinfection lower COVID-19 transmission risk during elections," the report said.
The risk can be reduced even more, it says, “by fully implementing CDC interim guidance, which recommends longer voting periods, and other options such as increasing the number of polling locations to reduce the number of voters who congregate indoors in polling locations.”
5:15 p.m. ET, July 30, 2020
Louisiana has highest number of coronavirus cases per capita in the nation
From CNN’s Jennifer Henderson
Louisiana has the highest number of Covid-19 cases per capita in the nation — more than Arizona, Florida, New York and others, Gov. John Bel Edwards said in a news conference today.
Louisiana has reported 1,769 new Covid-19 cases for a total of 114,000. The state has also reported 42 new deaths for a total of 3,811 from the virus.
On Thursday, Louisiana had 69 deaths, which was the largest number of deaths in a 24-hour period in two and a half months, Edwards added.
Louisiana has about 38,000 known active Covid-19 cases, Edwards said, but that does not count the 25% to 40% of people with Covid-19 that are asymptomatic.
Note: These numbers were released by Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards and may not line up exactly in real time with CNN’s database drawn from Johns Hopkins University and the Covid Tracking Project.
5:09 p.m. ET, July 30, 2020
SEC to play conference-only football schedule in the fall, commissioner announces
The Southeastern Conference announced teams will play conference games in the fall, according to a statement on Twitter.
The new football season will kick off on Sept. 26 "to allow its universities to focus on the healthy return of their campus communities and the gradual re-introduction of athletics," SEC Commissioner Greg Sankey said Thursday.
"This new plan for a football schedule is consistent with the educational goals of our universities to allow for the safe and orderly return to campus of their student populations and to provide a healthy learning environment during these unique circumstances presented by the COVID-19 virus," Sankey said in the statement.
The season will be made up of a 10-game, conference-only schedule. The SEC Football Championship Game will be played on December 19 in Atlanta – pushed back from its original date of Dec. 5, the SEC said.
Sankey said a conference-only schedule gives teams the ability to make adjustments throughout the season depending on the state of the virus.
"We believe these schedule adjustments offer the best opportunity to complete a full season by giving us the ability to adapt to the fluid nature of the virus and the flexibility to adjust schedules as necessary if disruptions occur," Sankey said in the statement.
Sankey said a revised schedule will be announced after it is approved by athletic directors in the conference.
"Further decisions regarding safety standards related to athletics events, tailgating and other game day activities, including social distancing, face covering and other health measures consistent with CDC, state and local guidelines" will also be announced at a later date, the statement said.
Some context: Sankey said 14 members of the SEC are continuing "to monitor developments related to COVID-19."
Read the tweet:
5:04 p.m. ET, July 30, 2020
Other countries beat the US in setting up strong models of Covid-19 response, Bill Gates says
From CNN’s Naomi Thomas
While the US has historically led the way when it comes to things like smallpox, polio and HIV, other countries were off the mark faster with a coronavirus response, Microsoft founder Bill Gates said Thursday.
A number of countries, which he did not name, got going a lot quicker than the US, said Gates, whose Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation funds multiple health care initiatives. Countries with previous experience fighting SARS or MERS were the quickest and set up strong models, Gates said in a Time 100 talk.
“If you score the US, our domestic response has been weak. It can improve. Our R&D response, funding vaccines and therapeutics, has been the best in the world," he said.
For instance, testing has been slow, Gates said.
“The US is now starting, you know, to say hey, the testing turnaround can’t be long like this,” he said. “We need to be more prudent in not having things like bars and restaurants open,” he added.
Gates also said that he doubted many people would be able to name an official at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which has been kept behind the scenes. But he was glad National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Director Dr. Anthony Fauci was speaking prominently.
5:05 p.m. ET, July 30, 2020
Libya to impose full lockdown as coronavirus cases grow
From CNN’s Hamdi Alkhshali
Libya's UN-recognized government in Tripoli announced it will impose a full lockdown for five days starting on Friday in areas of the country it controls.
This comes in response to a rise in Covid-19 cases, the Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli said in a statement Thursday.
According to the statement, the lockdown includes restricting all outside movement except to buy necessary items. The full lockdown replaces a partial overnight curfew.
Libya’s National Center for Disease Control said that the outbreaks were mostly centered in Tripoli, the port of Misrata and in the southern desert town of Sebha.
The total number of coronavirus cases in Libya as of Thursday was at least 3,222 with approximately 76 deaths, according to the Johns Hopkins coronavirus tracker.
5:06 p.m. ET, July 30, 2020
Illinois could reverse reopening if positive cases continue to climb, governor says
From CNN’s Janine Mack
Illinois could be headed to a “reversal” in the state's reopening plan if the positive cases of coronavirus continue to climb, Gov. J.B. Pritzker said during a news conference on Thursday.
The Illinois Department of Health reported at least 1,772 new cases of coronavirus and approximately 18 additional deaths on Thursday.
The cases continue to be those who are 29 years and younger that typically show milder symptoms or are asymptomatic and spread the coronavirus unknowingly, Illinois Department of Health Administrator Julie Casper said.
The latest numbers: At least 176,896 positive cases of coronavirus and approximately 7,478 deaths have been reported in Illinois since the pandemic began.
Note:These numbers were released by the Illinois Department of Public Health and may not line up exactly in real time with CNN’s database drawn from Johns Hopkins University and the Covid Tracking Project.